The Best Day Hikes of Washington State, #91-100

The following is a list of top 100 easy hiking trails in Washington state, in order by region and then length of trail.

91. Centennial Trail, Twin Rivers County Park 47.9193, -122.0868

31.3 miles point to point – 8 hrs 52 min – best time to visit: year-round

92. Washington Park Trail, Washington Park 48.4991, -122.6927

2.3 miles loop – 39 min – best time to visit: year-round

93. The Washington Park Arboretum, Washington Park 47.6416, -122.2905

3.5 miles loop – 1 hr – best time to visit: year-round

94. Watershed Park Trail, Watershed Trail Park 47.0285, -122.8891

1.4 miles loop – 24 min – best time to visit: year-round

95. Umtanum Creek Falls Trail, Wenas Wildlife Area 46.8996, -120.6435

1.9 miles out and back – 32 min – takes Discover Pass – best time to visit: May-Oct

96. Whatcom Creek Trail Loop, Whatcom Falls Park 48.7525, -122.4280

4 miles loop – 1 hr 8 min – best time to visit: year-round

97. Whipple Creek Park Loop Trail, Whipple Creek Park 45.7451, -122.6950

2.1 miles loop – 36 min – best time to visit: year-round

98. Bellevue Botanical Park and Wilburton Hill Park, Willburton Hill Park 47.6101, -122.1749

1.9 miles loop – 32 min – best time to visit: year-round

99. Woodard Bay Loop Trail, Woodard Bay Natural Resources Conservation Area 47.1269, -122.8538

2.3 miles loop – 39 min – takes Discover Pass – best time to visit: March-Sept

100. Alki Trail to Hamilton Viewpoint and Seacrest Parks, Alki Beach Park 47.5821, -122.3712

7.6 miles loop – 2 hrs 9 min – best time to visit: year-round

The Best Day Hikes of Washington State, #81-90

The following is a list of top 100 easy hiking trails in Washington state, in order by region and then length of trail.

81. Trillium Trail and Siler’s Mill Trail, Redmond Watershed Preserve 47.6968, -122.0515

4.3 miles loop – 1 hr 13 min – best time to visit: year-round

82. Bowl and Pitcher Loop Trail, Riverside State Park 47.6962, -117.4941

2 miles loop – 34 min – takes Discover Pass – best time to visit: year-round

83. Painted Rocks Nature Trail, Riverside State Park 47.7828, -117.4966

3.3 miles loop – 56 min – takes Discover Pass – best time to visit: March-Nov

84. Trail 25 and Centennial Trail, Riverside State Park 47.7763, -117.5466

3.7 miles loop – 1 hr 3 min – takes Discover Pass – best time to visit: year-round

85. Salmon Creek Trail, Salmon Creek Park 47.4896, -122.3593

5.9 miles loop – 1 hr 40 min – best time to visit: year-round

86. Seward Park Perimeter Loop, Seward Park 47.5499, -122.2577

2.6 miles loop – 44 min – best time to visit: year-round

87. Soaring Eagle Park Trail, Soaring Eagle Regional Park 47.6119, -121.9907

5 miles loop – 1 hr 25 min – best time to visit: year-round

88. Echo Peak Loop Trail, Spring Lake/Lake Desire Park 47.4369, -122.0940

2.4 miles loop – 41 min – best time to visit: year-round

89. Swan Creek Trail, Swan Creek Park 47.2268, -122.3891

3.9 miles loop – 1 hr 6 min – best time to visit: year-round

90. Tradition Lake Loop Trail, Tiger Mountain State Forest 47.5296, -121.9957

3.7 miles loop – 1 hr 3 min – takes Discover Pass – best time to visit: year-round

The Best Day Hikes of Washington State, #71-80

The following is a list of top 100 easy hiking trails in Washington state, in order by region and then length of trail.

71. Marymere Falls Trail, Olympic National Park 48.0581, -123.7889

1.7 miles out and back – 29 min – best time to visit: year-round

72. Marymere Falls Trail from Lake Crescent Lodge, Olympic National Park 48.0581, -123.7889

2 miles out and back – 34 min – best time to visit: April-Oct

73. Staircase Rapids Loop, Olympic National Park 48.057, -123.8000

2.1 miles out and back – 36 min – takes National Park Pass – best time to visit: year-round

74. Devil’s Punchbowl via Spruce Railroad Trail, Olympic National Park 48.0830° N, 123.7877° W

2.4 miles out and back – 41 min – best time to visit: year-round

75. Spruce Nature Trail and Hall of Mosses Loop, Olympic National Park 47.8536, -123.9512

2.9 miles loop – 49 min – takes National Park Pass – best time to visit: April-Oct

76. Hoh River Trail to Mineral Creek Falls, Olympic National Park 47.8597, -123.9337

5.5 miles loop – 1 hr 33 min – best time to visit: year-round

77. Spruce Railroad Trail: Lake Crescent, Olympic National Park 48.0933, -123.8025

11.2 miles loop – 3 hrs 10 min – best time to visit: year-round

78. Trail 121: Waterfall Loop, Palisades Park 47.6672, -117.4876

1.1 miles loop – 19 min – best time to visit: year-round

79. Paradise Valley Conservation Area Trail, Paradise Valley Conseration Area 47.7898, -122.0819

4.6 miles loop – 1 hr 18 min – best time to visit: March-Oct

80. Ellis Cove Trail, Priest Point Park 47.0697, -122.8943

1.5 miles loop – 26 min – best time to visit: March-Oct

The Best Day Hikes of Washington State, #61-70

The following is a list of top 100 easy hiking trails in Washington state, in order by region and then length of trail.

61. Lake Ann Trail, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest 47.4369, -120.9373

3.4 miles out and back – 58 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: July-Sept

62. Sheep Lake Trail, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest 46.8911, -121.5057

5 miles out and back – 1 hr 25 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: July-Oct

63. Pete Lake, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest 47.4350, -121.1855

9 miles out and back – 2 hrs 33 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: May-Nov

64. Lower Big Quilcene to Notch Pass Trail Junction, Olympic National Forest 47.7835, -122.9651

5.6 miles out and back – 1 hr 35 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: year-round

65. Madison Falls Trail, Olympic National Park 48.0456, -123.5894

0.2 miles out and back – 3 min – best time to visit: year-round

66. Sunrise View Point via High Ridge Nature Trail, Olympic National Park 47.9700, -123.4950

0.9 miles loop – 15 min – takes National Park Pass – best time to visit: June-Oct

67. Quinault Rain Forest Nature Trail, Olympic National Park 47.4602, -123.8614

0.9 miles loop – 15 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: March-Oct

68. Hoh Rain Forest Hall of Mosses, Olympic National Park 47.8605, -123.9348

1.1 miles loop – 19 min – takes National Park Pass – best time to visit: year-round

69. Cirque Rim to Sunrise View Point Trail, Olympic National Park 47.9700, -123.4950

1.2 miles loop – 20 min – takes National Park Pass – best time to visit: June-Oct

70. Ruby Beach, Olympic National Park 47.7099, -124.4136

1.4 miles loop – 24 min – best time to visit: year-round

The Best Day Hikes of Washington State, #51-60

The following is a list of top 100 easy hiking trails in Washington state, in order by region and then length of trail.

51. Carter Falls, Mount Rainier National Park 46.7662, -121.7927

2.6 miles out and back – 44 min – takes National Parks Pass – best time to visit: year-round

52. Shadow Lakes Trail, Mount Rainier National Park 46.9146, -121.6423

2.6 miles out and back – 44 min – takes National Parks Pass – best time to visit: April-Oct

53. Glacier Vista Loop via Skyline Trail, Mount Rainier National Park 46.7860, -121.7350

2.6 miles out and back – 44 min – takes National Parks Pass – best time to visit: July-Oct

54. Frozen Lake via Sourdough Ridge Trail, Mount Rainier National Park 46.9146, -121.6423

2.9 miles out and back – 49 min – takes National Parks Pass – best time to visit: June-Oct

55. Nisqually Estuary Boardwalk and Twin Barns Trail, Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge 47.0688, -122.7129

4.5 miles out and back – 1 hr 17 min – takes Refuge Entrance Pass – best time to visit: year-round

56. Trail of the Cedars Nature Walk, North Cascades National Park 48.6760, -121.2433

1.9 miles loop – 32 min – best time to visit: year-round

57. Ancient Lake Trail, North Columbia Basin State Wildlife Recreation Area 47.1519, -119.9223

4.6 miles loop – 1 hr 18 min – takes Discover Pass – best time to visit: March-Sept

58. Red Top Lookout Trail, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest 47.2970, -120.7596

1 mile out and back – 17 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: June-Oct

59. Rainy Lake Trail, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest 48.5150, -120.7355

2 miles out and back – 34 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: July-Oct

60. Old Pipeline Bed Trail, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest 47.5871, -120.7076

2.4 miles out and back – 41 min – best time to visit: year-round

The Best Day Hikes of Washington State, #41-50

The following is a list of top 100 easy hiking trails in Washington state, in order by region and then length of trail.

41. Franklin Falls Trail, Mount Baker Snoqualmie National Forest 47.4131, -121.4428

2 miles out and back – 34 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: year-round

42. Barclay Lake Trail, Mount Baker Snoqualmie National Forest 47.7923, -121.4592

4.3 miles out and back – 1 hr 13 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: May-Oct

43. Greenwater Lakes Trail, Mount Baker Snoqualmie National Forest 47.1059, -121.4751

4.9 miles out and back – 1 hr 23 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: year-round

44. Pratt River Trail, Mount Baker Snoqualmie National Forest 47.5480, -121.5384

6.5 miles out and back – 1 hr 51 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: April-Oct

45. John Wayne Pioneer Trail (Snoqualmie Tunnel), Mount Baker Snoqualmie National Forest 47.3930, -121.3928

8.4 miles out and back – 2 hrs 23 min – takes Discover Pass – best time to visit: May-Oct

46. Goldmyer Hot Springs Trail, Mount Baker Snoqualmie National Forest 47.5001, -121.4467

11.1 miles out and back – 3 hrs 9 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: May-Oct

47. Heather Meadows and Artists Point Trail, Mount Baker Wilderness 48.8498, -121.6849

2.9 miles loop – 49 min – best time to visit: March-Oct

48. Myrtle Falls Viewpoint via Skyline Trail, Mount Rainier National Park 46.7861, -121.7359

0.8 miles loop – 14 min – takes National Park Pass – best time to visit: June-Oct

49. Nisqually Vista Trail, Mount Rainier National Park 46.7848, -121.7415

1.1 miles loop – 19 min – takes National Park Pass – best time to visit: June-Oct

50. Grove of the Patriarchs Nature Trail, Mount Rainier National Park 46.7580, -121.5576

1.2 miles loop – 20 min – takes National Park Pass – best time to visit: May-Sept

The Best Day Hikes of Washington State, #31-40

The following is a list of top 100 easy hiking trails in Washington state, in order by region and then length of trail.

31. Lake to Lake Trail, Red Tape Trail, Palmer Trail to Round Lake Loop, Lacamas Creek Park 47.5935, -122.1156

3.7 miles loop – 1 hr 3 min – best time to visit: year-round

32. Hidden Lake Trail, Lake Wenatchee State Park 47.8216, -120.8064

1.9 miles loop – 32 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: April-Sept

33. Lake Wenatchee North: Summer Route, Lake Wenatchee State Park 47.8216, -120.8064

2.1 miles loop – 36 min – takes Discover Pass – best time to visit: April-Nov

34. Cherry Creek Falls Trail, Marckworth Forest 47.7457, -121.9076

4.9 miles loop – 1 hr 23 min – best time to visit: year-round

35. Sammamish River Trail, Marymoor Park 47.6152, -122.0655

19 miles out and back – 5 hrs 23 min – best time to visit: year-round

36. Millersylvania Northwest Loop, Millersylvania State Park 46.9113, -122.9113

4.6 miles loop – 5 hrs 23 min – takes Discover Pass – best time to visit: May-Nov

37. Moulton Falls, East Fork of the Lewis River Trail, Moulton Falls Park 45.8326, -122.3918

5.3 miles out and back – 1 hr 30 min – best time to visit: year-round

38. Big Four Ice Caves Trail, Mount Baker National Forest 48.0659, -121.5107

3.2 miles out and back – 1 hr 30 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: May-Oct

39. Deception Falls Interpretive Trail, Mount Baker Snoqualmie National Forest 47.7146, -121.1934

0.5 miles loop – 9 min – best time to visit: May-Oct

40. Gold Creek Pond Loop, Mount Baker Snoqualmie National Forest 47.4094, -121.3677

1.2 miles loop – 20 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: June-Oct

The Best Day Hikes of Washington State, #21-30

The following is a list of top 100 easy hiking trails in Washington state, in order by region and then length of trail.

21. Snoqualmie Falls Trail, Fisher Creek Park 47.5437, -121.8370

1.6 miles out and back – 27 min – best time to visit: May-Oct

22. Panther Creek Falls Trail 137, Gifford Pinchot National Forest 45.8674, -121.8263

0.3 miles out and back – 5 min – best time to visit: April-Oct

23. June Lake Trail, Gifford Pinchot National Forest 46.1373, -122.1569

2.5 miles out and back – 43 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: May-Oct

24. Grand Forest Park Trail, Grand Forest West 47.6504, -122.5479

2.2 miles out and back – 43 min – best time to visit: year-round

25. Granite Falls (Fish Ladder) Trail, Granite Falls, Washington 48.6749, -121.2420

0.7 miles out and back – 12 min – best time to visit: March-Oct

26. Green Lake Trail, Green Lake Park 47.6690, -122.3401

2.8 miles loop – 48 min – best time to visit: year-round

27. Lake Fenwick, Kent, Washington 47.3682, -122.2730

2.7 miles out and back – 46 min – best time to visit: year-round

28. Soos Creek Trail, Kent, Washington 47.3896, -122.1515

11.5 miles out and back – 3 hrs 16 min – best time to visit: year-round

29. Kubota Garden Natural Area Trails, Kubota Garden 47.5128, -122.2657

0.8 miles out and back – 14 min – best time to visit: year-round

30. Woodburn Falls and Round Lake via Lake to Lake Trail, Lacamas Creek Park 45.6039, -122.4071

2.9 miles loop – 49 min – best time to visit: year-round

The Best Day Hikes of Washington State, #11-20

The following is a list of top 100 easy hiking trails in Washington state, in order by region and then length of trail.

11. Coal Creek Trail, Coal Creek Natural Area 47.5542, -122.1666

5.1 miles out and back – 1 hr 27 min – best time to visit: year-round

12. Quinault Loop Trail, Colonel Bob Wilderness 47.4572, -123.7318

3.8 miles out and back – 1 hr 5 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: year-round

13. Coal Creek Falls loop via Red Town and Cave Hole Trail, Cougar Mountain Regional Wildland Park 47.5348, -122.1288

2.6 miles loop – 44 min – best time to visit: year-round

14. Cave Hole, Coal Creek Falls, Quarry, and Fred’s Railroad Trail Loop, Cougar Mountain Regional Wildland Park 47.5345, -122.1285

3 miles loop – 51 min – best time to visit: May-Oct

15. Cougar Mountain Indian Trail, Cougar Mountain Regional Wildland Park 47.5094817, -122.1161259

3 miles out and back – 51 min – best time to visit: April-Oct

16. Dash Point Trail, Dash Point State Park 47.3183, -122.4074

4.4 miles loop – 1 hr 15 min – best time to visit: year-round

17. Discovery Park and Lighthouse Loop Trail, Discovery Park 47.6576, -122.4065

4.4 miles loop – 1 hr 15 min – best time to visit: May-Dec

18. Dungeness Spit Trail, Dungeness Recreation Area 48.1413, -123.1905

10.2 miles out and back – 2 hrs 53 min – best time to visit: year-round

19. Sequalitchew Creek Trail, Dupont, Washington 47.1064, -122.6472

3 miles out and back – 51 min – best time to visit: March-Oct

20. Blackbird Island Trail, Enhancement Park 47.5939, -120.6627

2 miles loop – 34 min – best time to visit: year-round

The Best Day Hikes of Washington State, #1-10

The following is a list of top 100 easy hiking trails in Washington state, in order by region and then length of trail.

  1. Icicle Gorge Trail, Alpine Lakes Wilderness 47.6086, -120.8945

4.5 miles loop – 1 hr 17 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: March-Oct

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2. Coyote Loop Trail, Bridle Trails State Park 47.6550, -122.1843

3.6 miles loop – 1 hr 1 min – takes Discover Pass – best time to visit: year-round

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3. Rocky Brook Falls, Brinnon, Washington 47.7092, -122.9205

0.3 miles out and back – 5 min – best time to visit: March-Oct

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4. McLane Creek Woods Trail, Capitol State Forest 47.0008, -123.0042

2.1 miles loop – 36 min – takes Discover Pass – best time to visit: March-Oct

5. Mima Falls East Trail, Capitol State Forest 46.9019, -123.0640

4.7 miles out and back – 1 hr 20 min – takes Discover Pass – best time to visit: year-round

6. Little Mashel Falls Trail via Bud Blancher Trail, Charles L Pack Experimental Forest 46.8647, -122.2576

4.6 miles loop – 1 hr 18 min – best time to visit: year-round

7. Little Mashel Falls Trail, Charles L Pack Experimental Forest 46.8436, -122.3122

5 miles out and back – 1 hr 25 min – best time to visit: March-Oct

8. Clark’s Creek Trail, Clarks Creek Park 47.1806, -122.3161

2.2 miles loop – 37 min – best time to visit: year-round

9. Skookum Flats Trail, Clearwater Wilderness 47.0490, -121.5700

4.3 miles out and back – 1 hr 13 min – takes Northwest Forest Pass – best time to visit: March-Nov

10. Coal Creek and Primrose Trail Loop from Lakemont Blvd, Coal Creek Natural Area 47.5542, -122.1666

3.6 miles out and back – 1 hr 1 min – best time to visit: April-Oct

A Better Four-Year University Education

The Problem

There’s little trust between teacher and student. Students must be disciplined for talking out of turn. Students must sit still for 3 hours while class is ongoing, with a short 10-15 minute break in the middle. Students cannot be trusted to be self-directed. It’s assumed that, if left to their own devices, they would simply flounder without the “structure” of school.

The student is told they must prove what they’ve learned to the authority figure, the instructor. Unfortunately, the way the current system is set up, the main ways you prove you learned is through a paper and pencil test where you fill in bubbles, or maybe write in answers. Or, you write a paper explaining what you learned or make an argument on a limited number of topics to choose from.

This is in contrast to trust.

A college student should be trusted that they want to learn, and in their fourth year synthesis project, they can “prove” their learning much better by applying the knowledge they gathered into an applied-to-life project. Some students will slack or do the bare minimum and just try to get by. But just because there are a few “rotten apples” doesn’t mean you have to treat everyone as if they’re trying to pull a fast one on you. Most people want to do a good job. (source) Especially if they’re adults who are in school by choice. There have been many books written on this subject, and the vast majority of research shows that humans don’t need to be ruled by an iron fist to be productive. In fact, micromanaging people does the opposite; it demoralizes people and makes them less motivated to work hard, or innovate.

Teachers would be better served to be experts in the subjects of their personal choice, as well as educated on how to best teach. There are many brilliant professors who, unfortunately, don’t know how to teach the subjects they are otherwise so brilliant at. Ideally, teachers would have both an equal amount of training in their subject(s) of choice, as well as, in teaching.

The cost of education is currently unaffordable in the U.S. for most of the population. The average cost of attendance is anywhere from $10,000 for a state school, assuming you are a resident of that state, to $36,000 for private education. I don’t know of anyone in my lifetime, who is around my age, who has paid out of pocket, every last penny of their college education. Most get loans, scholarships, grants, and money from their families or state programs, if possible.

The Solution

But what if universities didn’t have to pay for a brick and mortar university? What if universities were a wide network of experts, who had an education in teaching as well, as you could simply drop them a video call when you need them?

For example, if you’re interested in geometry, maybe your university has an expert you can call, who lives in Switzerland, but is affiliated and vetted by the school, and you could arrange a time to talk with them about where you’re stuck with your geometry learning, and the instructor could help you when you need them. Instead of an instructor assigning you homework, books, and tests, they could make suggestions as to which projects would help you learn the subject you’re interested in.

While a video call is inferior to an in-person, one-on-one interaction with an instructor, it is certainly a lot less expensive than the current system of paying sky high tuition, which goes toward not only the staff, but also the buildings, the maintenance of those buildings, and the landscaping.

The buildings and their maintenance alone is 15% of the tuition’s budget. Imagine now, paying 15% less for school. That’s $1,500 off for a state school, and $5,400 for a private institution. The video conference idea doesn’t seem so scary when you think of how much it can save you long term.

This is my four-year plan for a university education.


In the first year, it’s a good time to gain the big picture, such as the theoretical knowledge necessary to understanding what’s out there that you can learn for the foundation of your education. You would be encouraged to pick as many or as few of the first year general subjects as you wish.

This is counter to the traditional system, which forces you to take subjects you will likely never use in your lifetime, and which you will likely forget. A professional dancer doesn’t need to know calculus, and a calculus professor doesn’t need to know how to do ballet. It’s okay not to know everything and to specialize and become the best in your chosen field, because there is a limited amount of time on earth, and learning calculus when you really want to be a ballerina has limited value.

Subjects would be taught all throughout the year, with one week breaks each season, for a total of four weeks off in a year. This is because health psychology studies overwhelmingly have shown taking a vacation, offers tremendous health benefits. (source) Some studies have shown taking a week to de-stress and get away from the troubles of school or work offers health benefits such as lowered cardiovascular disease risk for up to an entire year after the break is taken. These vacations also allow the brain to recharge and be in better performance for the learning that will continue after the break.

1st year (general)

Humanities
Social sciences
Natural sciences
Formal sciences
Applied sciences


In the second year, there would be a new list of subjects that can be learned, based off of the first year’s foundation of knowledge. The student would pick as many or as few subjects as they wish to learn for the second year. This year would be a hybrid of both theoretical and applied education. Students would do less book reading this year, and spend more time working out in the field half the time, applying what they have learned or are learning. For example, say you always dreamed of being a prolific novelist. You might take all the humanities courses, but leave the formal sciences behind.

Then, you might start a concrete, detailed plan for how to begin learning to write well. An expert and teacher on writing could be your resource guide, as well as your consultant. The instructor could direct you to the right places to find a useful book, or maybe to an expert who could assist you in the direction you’re working toward. If the teacher isn’t an expert on writing horror, but knows of someone respected in the field, you could try to contact them. People are busy, but sometimes they are willing to help, and their advice should be treated as invaluable.

2nd yeaR (expanded)

  • Humanities
    • Arts
    • History
    • Home economics
    • Languages and literature
    • Law
    • Philosophy
    • Theology
  • Social sciences
    • Anthropology
    • Economics
    • Geography
    • Political science
    • Psychology
    • Sociology
    • Social work
  • Natural sciences
    • Biology
    • Chemistry
    • Earth science
    • Space sciences
    • Physics
  • Formal sciences
    • Computer science
    • Mathematics
  • Applied Sciences
    • Business
    • Engineering and technology
    • Medicine and health

The third year is for specializing in your chosen field(s) of study. From this list you would gain access to more applied and specific training, such as going to conferences. This is the year you would take instruction and finish writing your plan as to how you are going to write that great novel, or invent that new software, or maybe even come up with a scientific paper to submit to a peer-reviewed journal, depending on your personal interests and values.

3RD YEAR (specialized)

Humanities

  • Arts
    • Performing arts
      • Music
      • Dance
      • Television
      • Theater
      • Film
    • Visual arts
      • Fine arts
      • Applied arts
      • Fashion
  • History
    • African history
    • American history
    • Ancient history
    • Asian history
    • Australian history
    • Ecclesiastical history of the Catholic Church
    • Economic history
    • Environmental history
    • European history
    • Intellectual history
    • Jewish history
    • Latin American history
    • Modern history
    • History of philosophy
    • Political history
    • Pre-Columbian era
    • Russian history
    • History of culture
    • Scientific history
    • Technological history
    • World history
    • Public history
  • Home economics
    • Cooking
    • Cleaning
    • Clothing
    • Family studies
    • Finance
    • Gardening
    • Health
    • Nutrition
  • Languages and literature
    • Linguistics
    • Comparative literature
    • Creative writing
    • English literature
    • History of literature
    • Literary theory
    • Poetry
    • World literature
  • Law
    • Administrative law
    • Canon law
    • Civil law
    • Comparative law
    • Competition law
    • Constitutional law
    • Criminal law
    • Islamic law
    • Jewish law
    • Jurisprudence
    • Legal management
    • Procedural law
    • Substantive law
  • Philosophy
    • Aesthetics
    • Applied philosophy
    • Epistemology
    • Ethics
    • Logic
    • Meta-philosophy
    • Meta-physics
    • Philosophical traditions and schools
    • Social philosophy and political philosophy
  • Theology
    • Biblical studies
    • Religious studies
    • Biblical Hebrew, Greek, and Aramaic
    • Buddhist theology
    • Christian theology
    • Hindu theology
    • Jewish theology
    • Muslim theology

Social sciences

  • Anthropology
  • Biological anthropology
  • Linguistic anthropology
  • Cultural anthropology
  • Social anthropology
  • Archaeology
  • Economics
    • Agricultural economics
    • Anarchist economics
    • Applied economics
    • Behavioral economics
    • Bioeconomics
    • Complexity economics
    • Computational economics
    • Consumer economics
    • Development economics
    • Ecological economics
    • Econometrics
    • Economic geography
    • Economic sociology
    • Economic systems
    • Education economics
    • Energy economics
    • Entrepreneurial economics
    • Environmental economics
    • Evolutionary economics
    • Experimental economics
    • Feminist economics
    • Financial econometrics
    • Financial economics
    • Green economics
    • Growth economics
    • Human development theory
  • Economics (cont.)
    • Industrial organization
    • Information economics
    • Institutional economics
    • International economics
    • Islamic economics
    • Labor economics
    • Law and economics
    • Macroeconomics
    • Managerial economics
    • Marxian economics
    • Mathematical economics
    • Microeconomics
    • Monetary economics
    • Neuroeconomics
    • Participatory economics
    • Political economy
    • Public economics
    • Public finance
    • Real estate economics
    • Resource economics
    • Social choice theory
    • Socialist economics
    • Socioeconomics
    • Transport economics
    • Welfare economics
  • Geography
    • Physical geography
    • Human geography
    • Integrated geography
    • Cartography
  • Political science
    • American politics
    • Canadian politics
    • Civics
    • Comparative politics
    • European studies
    • Geopolitics
    • International relations
    • International organizations
    • Nationalism studies
    • Peace and conflict studies
  • Political science (cont.)
    • Policy studies
    • Political behavior
    • Political culture
    • Political economy
    • Political history
    • Political philosophy
    • Public administration
    • Public law
    • Psephology
    • Social choice theory
  • Psychology
    • Abnormal psychology
    • Applied psychology
    • Biological psychology
    • Clinical neuropsychology
    • Clinical psychology
    • Cognitive psychology
    • Community psychology
    • Comparative psychology
    • Conservation psychology
    • Consumer psychology
    • Criminal psychology
    • Cultural psychology
    • Developmental psychology
    • Differential psychology
    • Ecological psychology
    • Educational psychology
    • Environmental psychology
    • Evolutionary psychology
    • Experimental psychology
    • Group psychology
    • Family psychology
    • Feminine psychology
    • Forensic developmental psychology
    • Forensic psychology
    • Health psychology
    • Humanistic psychology
    • Indigenous psychology
    • Legal psychology
    • Mathematical psychology
    • Media psychology
  • Psychology (cont.)
    • Medical psychology
    • Military psychology
    • Moral psychology and descriptive ethics
    • Music psychology
    • Neuropsychology
    • Occupational health psychology
    • Occupational psychology
    • Organizational psychology
    • Parapsychology
    • Pediatric psychology
    • Pedology
    • Personality psychology
    • Phenomenology
    • Political psychology
    • Positive psychology
    • Psychoanalysis
    • Psychobiology
    • Psychology of religion
    • Psychometrics
    • Psychopathology
    • Psychophysics
    • Quantitative psychology
    • Rehabilitation psychology
    • School psychology
    • Social psychology
    • Sport psychology
    • Traffic psychology
    • Transpersonal psychology
  • Sociology
    • Analytical sociology
    • Applied sociology
    • Architectural sociology
    • Area studies
    • Behavioral sociology
    • Collective behavior
    • Community informatics
    • Comparative sociology
    • Conflict theory
    • Criminology/Criminal justice
    • Critical management studies
    • Critical sociology
    • Cultural sociology
    • Cultural studies
    • Demography/population
    • Digital sociology
    • Dramaturgical sociology
    • Economic sociology
    • Educational sociology
    • Empirical sociology
    • Environmental sociology
    • Evolutionary sociology
    • Feminist sociology
    • Figurational sociology
    • Future studies
    • Gender studies
    • Historical sociology
    • Human ecology
    • Humanistic sociology
    • Industrial sociology
    • Interactionism
    • Interpretive sociology
    • Jealousy sociology
    • Macrosociology
    • Marxist sociology
    • Mathematical sociology
    • Medical sociology
    • Mesosociology
    • Microsociology
    • Military sociology
    • Natural resource sociology
    • Organizational studies
    • Phenomenological sociology
    • Policy sociology
    • Psychoanalytic sociology
    • Science and technology studies
    • Sexology
    • Social capital
    • Social change
    • Social conflict theory
    • Social control
    • Social economy
    • Social philosophy
    • Social policy
    • Social psychology
    • Social stratification
    • Social theory
    • Social transformation
    • Sociobiology
    • Sociocybernetics
    • Sociolinguistics
  • Sociology (cont.)
    • Sociology of aging
    • Sociology of agriculture
    • Sociology of art
    • Sociology of autism
    • Sociology of childhood
    • Sociology of conflict
    • Sociology of culture
    • Sociology of cyberspace
    • Sociology of development
    • Sociology of deviance
    • Sociology of disaster
    • Sociology of education
    • Sociology of emotions
    • Sociology of fatherhood
    • Sociology of finance
    • Sociology of food
    • Sociology of gender
    • Sociology of generations
    • Sociology of globalization
    • Sociology of government
    • Sociology of health and illness
    • Sociology of human consciousness
    • Sociology of immigration
    • Sociology of knowledge
    • Sociology of language
    • Sociology of law
    • Sociology of leisure
    • Sociology of markets
    • Sociology of marriage
    • Sociology of motherhood
    • Sociology of music
    • Sociology of natural resources
    • Sociology of organizations
    • Sociology of peace, war, and social conflict
    • Sociology of punishment
    • Sociology of race and ethnic relations
    • Sociology of religion
    • Sociology of risk
    • Sociology of science
    • Sociology of scientific knowledge
    • Sociology of social change
    • Sociology of social movements
    • Sociology of space
    • Sociology of sport
    • Sociology of technology
    • Sociology of terrorism
    • Sociology of the body
    • Sociology of the family
    • Sociology of the history of science
    • Sociology of the internet
    • Sociology of work
    • Sociomusicology
    • Structural sociology
    • Theoretical sociology
    • Urban/rural sociology
    • Victimology
    • Visual sociology
  • Social work
    • Clinical social work
    • Community practice
    • Mental health
    • Psychosocial rehabilitation
    • Person-centered therapy
    • Family therapy
    • Financial social work

Natural sciences

  • Biology
    • Aerobiology
    • Anatomy
    • Biochemistry
    • Bioinformatics
    • Biophysics
    • Biotechnology
    • Botany
    • Cell biology
    • Chronobiology
    • Computational biology
    • Cryobiology
    • Developmental biology
    • Ecology
    • Endocrinology
    • Evolutionary biology
    • Genetics
    • Histology
    • Human biology
    • Immunology
  • Biology (cont.)
    • Linology
    • Linnaean taxonomy
    • Marine biology
    • Mathematical biology
    • Microbiology
    • Molecular biology
    • Mycology
    • Neuroscience
    • Nutrition
    • Paleobiology
    • Parasitology
    • Pathology
    • Physiology
    • Structural biology
    • Systematics
    • Systems biology
    • Virology
    • Xenobiology
    • Zoology
  • Chemistry
    • Agrochemistry
    • Analytical chemistry
    • Astrochemistry
    • Atmospheric chemistry
    • Biochemistry (outline)
    • Chemical biology
    • Chemical engineering (outline)
    • Cheminformatics
    • Computational chemistry
    • Cosmochemistry
    • Electrochemistry
    • Environmental chemistry
    • Femtochemistry
    • Flavor
    • Flow chemistry
    • Geochemistry
    • Green chemistry
    • Histochemistry
    • Hydrogenation
    • Immunochemistry
    • Inorganic chemistry
    • Marine chemistry
    • Mathematical chemistry
    • Mechanochemistry
    • Medicinal chemistry
  • Chemistry (cont.)
    • Molecular biology
    • Molecular mechanics
    • Nanotechnology
    • Natural product chemistry
    • Neurochemistry
    • Oenology
    • Organic chemistry (outline)
    • Organometallic chemistry
    • Petrochemistry
    • Pharmacology
    • Photochemistry
    • Physical chemistry
    • Physical organic chemistry
    • Phytochemistry
    • Polymer chemistry
    • Quantum chemistry
    • Radiochemistry
    • Solid-state chemistry
    • Sonochemistry
    • Supramolecular chemistry
    • Surface chemistry
    • Synthetic chemistry
    • Theoretical chemistry
    • Thermochemistry
  • Earth science
    • Edaphology
    • Environmental chemistry
    • Environmental science
    • Gemology
    • Geochemistry
    • Geodesy
    • Physical geography
    • Geophysics
    • Paleontology
  • Space sciences
    • Astrobiology
    • Astronomy
    • Astrophysics
    • Interstellar medium
    • Numerical simulations
    • Physical cosmology
    • Stellar astrophysics
    • Planetary science
  • Physics
    • Acoustics
    • Aerodynamics
    • Applied physics
    • Astrophysics
    • Atomic, molecular, and optical physics
    • Biophysics
    • Computational physics
    • Condensed matter physics
    • Cryogenics
    • Electricity
    • Electromagnetism
    • Elementary particle physics
    • Experimental physics
    • Fluid dynamics
    • Geophysics
  • Physics (cont.)
    • Mathematical physics
    • Mechanics
    • Medical physics
    • Molecular physics
    • Newtonian dynamics
    • Nuclear physics
    • Optics
    • Plasma physics
    • Quantum physics
    • Solid mechanics
    • Solid state physics
    • Statistical mechanics
    • Theoretical physics
    • Thermal physics
    • Thermodynamics

Formal sciences

  • Computer science
    • Logic in computer science
    • Algorithms
    • Artificial intelligence
    • Data structures
    • Computer architecture
    • Computer graphics
    • Computer communications
    • Computer security and reliability
    • Computing in mathematics, natural sciences, engineering, and medicine
  • Computer science (cont.)
    • Computing in social sciences, arts, humanities, and professions
    • Distributed computing
    • Human-computer interaction
    • Operating systems
    • Parallel computing
    • Programming languages
    • Quantum computing
    • Software engineering
    • Theory of computation
    • VLSI design

Mathematics

  • Pure mathematics
    • Mathematical logic and foundations of mathematics
    • Algebra
    • Analysis
    • Probability theory
    • Geometry
    • Number theory
  • Applied mathematics
    • Approximation theory
    • Combinatorics
    • Cryptography
    • Dynamical systems
    • Game theory
    • Graph theory
    • Information theory
    • Mathematical physics
    • Numerical analysis
    • Operations research
    • Statistics
    • Theory of computation

Applied sciences

Business

  • Accounting
  • Business management
  • Finance
  • Marketing
  • Operations management

Engineering and technology

  • Chemical engineering
    • Bioengineering
    • Catalysis
    • Materials engineering
    • Molecular engineering
    • Nanotechnology
    • Polymer engineering
    • Process design
    • Process engineering
    • Reaction engineering
    • Thermodynamics
    • Transport phenomena
  • Civil engineering
    • Coastal engineering
    • Earthquake engineering
    • Ecological engineering
    • Environmental engineering
    • Geotechnical engineering
    • Hydraulic engineering
    • Mining engineering
    • Transportation engineering
    • Structural engineering
    • Structural mechanics
    • Surveying
  • Educational technology
    • Instructional design
    • Human performance technology
    • Knowledge management
  • Electrical engineering
    • Applied physics
    • Computer engineering
    • Computer science
    • Control systems engineering
    • Electronic engineering
    • Engineering physics
    • Information theory
    • Mechantronics
    • Power engineering
    • Quantum computing
    • Robotics
    • Semiconductors
    • Telecommunications engineering
  • Materials science and engineering
    • Biomaterials
    • Ceramic engineering
    • Crystallography
    • Nanomaterials
    • Photonics
    • Physical metallurgy
    • Polymer engineering
    • Polymer science
    • Semiconductors
  • Mechanical engineering
    • Aerospace engineering
    • Acoustical engineering
    • Automotive engineering
    • Biomedical engineering
    • Continuum mechanics
    • Fluid mechanics
    • Heat transfer
    • Industrial engineering
    • Manufacturing engineering
    • Marine engineering
    • Mass transfer
    • Mechatronics
    • Nanoengineering
    • Ocean engineering
    • Optical engineering
    • Robotics
    • Thermodynamics
  • Systems science
    • Chaos theory
    • Complex systems
    • Conceptual systems
    • Control theory
    • Cybernetics
    • Network science
    • Operations research
    • Systems biology
    • System dynamics
    • Systems ecology
    • Systems engineering
    • Systems psychology
    • Systems theory
    • Systems theory in anthropology

Medicine and health

  • Alternative medicine
  • Audiology
  • Clinical laboratory sciences
  • Clinical physiology
  • Dentistry
  • Dermatology
  • Emergency medicine
  • Epidemiology
  • Geriatrics
  • Gynaecology
  • Health informatics
  • Hematology
  • Infectious disease
  • Intensive care medicine
  • Internal medicine
  • Medical toxiocology
  • Music therapy
  • Nursing
  • Nutrition
  • Obstetrics
  • Occupational hygiene
  • Occupational therapy
  • Occupational toxicology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry
  • Otolaryngology
  • Pathology
  • Pediatrics
  • Pharmaceutical sciences
  • Physical fitness
  • Physical therapy
  • Physiotherapy
  • Podiatry
  • Preventative medicine
  • Primary care
  • Psychiatry
  • Psychology
  • Public health
  • Radiology
  • Recreational therapy
  • Rehabilitation medicine
  • Respiratory medicine
  • Sleep medicine
  • Speech-language pathology
  • Sports medicine
  • Surgery
  • Traditional medicine
  • Urology
  • Veterinary medicine

4TH YEAR (synthesized)

Fourth year is your final synthesis of everything you learned. The last year, you wrote your bucket list of things you want to accomplish in your lifetime. This is the year to actually work toward those bucket list items.

For example, if your goal is to learn a foreign language, maybe you go to Japan and stay there for a year to immerse yourself in the language and culture. Maybe your goal is to make friends while you’re there and actively practice everything you learned about the Japanese language in your studies over the last three years.

For some people, this isn’t financially feasible, but that doesn’t mean you can never cross off any of those bucket list items. You could make a website based on your learning to share with others. You could build your own greenhouse and sell your plants. You could audition for a play in the city or a community theater. There are lots of options, and not all of them have to be expensive.

The final year is supposed to be about accomplishing what you set out to accomplish in your life, not just pay a fortune to get a better paying, more prestigious job.

College could be a place that’s more than that. It could be a place to accomplish your dreams.

References

Leah Wortham et al., Autonomy-Mastery-Purpose: Structuring Clinical Courses to Enhance these Critical
Goals, 17 INT’L J. CLINICAL LEGAL EDUC., no. 2, 2012, at 105.

Marz, J., Petrie, N., & Boyes, A. (2020, July 14). The data-driven case for vacation. Retrieved March 12, 2021, from https://hbr.org/2016/07/the-data-driven-case-for-vacation

Fastest Growing Occupations (above 27% growth rate, average is 7%)

Wind turbine service technicians

Wind turbine service technicians, also known as windtechs, install, maintain, and repair wind turbines.

education requirement: Technical school, trained by employer after hiring

growth rate: 108%

salary median: $51,050

 

Occupational Therapy Assistants

Occupational therapy assistants help patients develop, recover, and improve the skills needed for daily living and working. Occupational therapy assistants are directly involved in providing therapy to patients. Assistants work under the direction of occupational therapists.

education requirement: Associate’s degree in occupational therapy assistant program

growth rate: 40%

salary median: $54,520

 

Occupational Therapy Aides

Occupational therapy aides help patients develop, recover, and improve the skills needed for daily living and working. Occupational therapy aides typically perform support activities. Aides work under the direction of occupational therapists.

education requirement: High school diploma, on the job training

growth rate: 39%

salary median: $21,920

 

Physical Therapist Assistants and Aides

Physical therapist assistants, sometimes called PTAs, and physical therapist aides work under the direction and supervision of physical therapists. They help patients who are recovering from injuries and illnesses regain movement and manage pain.

education requirement: Associate’s degree in physical therapy

growth rate: 41%

salary median: $42,980

 

Home Health Aides

Home health aides help people with disabilities, chronic illness, or cognitive impairment with activities of daily living. They often help older adults who need assistance. In some states, home health aides may be able to give a client medication or check the client’s vital signs under the direction of a nurse or other healthcare practitioner.

education requirement: High school diploma, hospice or home health agency for formal training and standardized test

growth rate: 38%

salary median: $21,920

 

Commercial Divers

Work below surface of water, using scuba gear to inspect, repair, remove, or install equipment and structures. May use a variety of power and hand tools, such as drills, sledgehammers, torches, and welding equipment.

education requirement: Associate’s degree of postsecondary certificate, licensure, dive training and safety training program

growth rate: 37%

salary median: $50,470

 

Nurse Anesthetists, Nurse Midwives, and Nurse Practitioners

Nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, and nurse practitioners, also referred to as advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs), coordinate patient care and may provide primary and specialty healthcare. The scope of practice varies from state to state.

education requirement: Master’s degree in ARNP, state and national certification exam

growth rate: 31%

salary median: $104,740

 

Physical Therapist

Physical therapists, sometimes called PTs, help injured or ill people improve their movement and manage their pain. These therapists are often an important part of the rehabilitation, treatment, and prevention of patients with chronic conditions, illnesses, or injuries.

education requirement: Doctor of Physical Therapy degree, licensure

growth rate: 34%

salary median: $84,020

 

Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians

Drive ambulances in transporting sick, injured of convalescent persons. Remove and replace soiled linens or equipment to maintain sanitary conditions. Place patients on stretchers and load stretchers into ambulances.

education requirement: High school diploma

growth rate: 33%

salary median: $23,740

 

Occupational Therapy Aides

Occupational therapy aides help patients develop, recover, and improve the skills needed for daily living and working. Occupational therapy aides typically perform support activities. Aides work under the direction of occupational therapists.

education requirement: Associate’s degree in occupational therapy assistance, licensure

growth rate: 31%

salary median: $27,800

 

Physician Assistants

Physician assistants, also known as PAs, practice medicine on teams with physicians, surgeons, and other healthcare workers. They examine, diagnose, and treat patients.

education requirement: Master’s degree, licensure

growth rate: 30%

salary median: $98,180

 

Operations Research Analysts

Operations research analysts use advanced mathematical and analytical methods to help organizations investigate complex issues, identify and solve problems, and make better decisions.

education requirement: Bachelor’s degree for entry-level positions, Master’s degree or Ph.D. in operations research, management science, analytics, math, engineering, computer science, or another technical or quantitative field

growth rate: 30%

salary median: $78,630

 

Personal Financial Advisors

Personal financial advisors provide advice on investments, insurance, mortgages, college savings, estate planning, taxes, and retirement to help individuals manage their finances.

education requirement: Bachelor’s degree but a Master’s degree and certification can improve chances for advancement

growth rate: 30%

salary median: $89,160

 

Cartographers and Photogrammetrists  

Cartographers and photogrammetrists collect, measure, and interpret geographic information in order to create and update maps and charts for regional planning, education, emergency response, and other purposes.

education requirement: Bachelor’s degree in cartography, geography, or geomatics, surveying is the most common path of entry into this occupation, licensure in some states

growth rate: 29%

salary median: $61,880

 

Genetic Counselors  

Genetic counselors assess individual or family risk for a variety of inherited conditions, such as genetic disorders and birth defects. They provide information and support to other healthcare providers, or to individuals and families concerned with the risk of inherited conditions.

education requirement: Master’s degree in genetic counseling or genetics, board certification

growth rate: 29%

salary median: $72,090

 

Interpreters and Translators 

Interpreters and translators convert information from one language into another language. Interpreters work in spoken or sign language; translators work in written language.

education requirement: Bachelor’s degree, knowledge of at least one other language, job specific training program

growth rate: 29%

salary median: $44,190

 

Audiologists 

Audiologists diagnose, manage, and treat a patient’s hearing, balance, or ear problems.

education requirement: Doctoral degree, licensure

growth rate: 29%

salary median: $74,890

 

Hearing Aid Specialists 

Select and administer tests to evaluate hearing or related disabilities. Administer basic hearing tests including air conduction, bone conduction, or speech audiometry tests. Train clients to use hearing aids or other augmentative communication devices. Create or modify impressions for earmolds and hearing aid shells. Maintain and repair hearing aids or other communication devices. Demonstrate assistive listening devices to clients. Diagnose and treat hearing or related disabilities under the direct of an audiologist. Perform basic screening procedures such as pure tone screening, otoacoustic screening, immittance screening, and screening of ear canal status using otoscope. Assist audiologists in performing aural procedures such as real ear measurements, speech audiometry, auditory brainstem responses, electronystagmography, and cochlear implant mapping.

education requirement: High school diploma

growth rate: 27%

salary median: $49,600

 

Optometrists 

Optometrists examine the eyes and other parts of the visual system. They also diagnose and treat visual problems and manage diseases, injuries, and other disorders of the eyes. They prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses as needed.

education requirement: Doctor of Optometry, licensure

growth rate: 27%

salary median: $103,900

Political Positions on the Spectrum Explained in Plain English

 

LIBERTARIAN

A libertarian supports…

  • maximum liberty in both personal and economic matters
  • a much smaller government; one that is limited to protecting individuals from coercion and violence
  • individual responsibility
  • private charity
  • diverse lifestyles
  • the free market
  • defending civil liberties
  • abortion rights
  • same-sex marriage
  • sanctuary cities
  • Edward Snowden
  • fracking
  • clean alternative energy
  • oil drilling
  • felony voting rights

A libertarian opposes…

  • government bureaucracy
  • excessive taxation
  • Planned Parenthood funding
  • death penalty
  • Obamacare
  • drug price regulation
  • minimum wage
  • welfare
  • corporate tax
  • estate tax
  • border wall
  • Common Core
  • Syrian refugee immigration ban
  • military spending
  • torture techniques (such as waterboarding)
  • NSA surveillance
  • gun control
  • public campaign finance
  • War on Drugs
  • USA Patriot Act
  • Affirmative Action
  • Mandatory vaccinations
  • GMO labels
  • climate change regulations

 

REPUBLICAN

A republican supports…

  • free market capitalism
  • free enterprise
  • business
  • a strong national defense
  • deregulation
  • restrictions on labor unions
  • social-conservative policies
  • traditional values (usually Christian in foundation)
  • War on Drugs
  • school choice
  • individual achievement
  • fracking
  • death penalty
  • border wall
  • Syrian refugee immigration ban
  • military spending
  • torture techniques (such as waterboarding)
  • NSA surveillance
  • USA Patriot Act
  • oil drilling

A republican opposes…

  • immigration amnesty
  • abortion rights
  • Planned Parenthood
  • drugs
  • Obamacare
  • Common Core
  • gun control
  • minimum wage
  • estate tax
  • Environmental Protection Agency
  • global warming/climate change regulations
  • same-sex marriage
  • drug price regulation
  • welfare
  • corporate tax
  • sanctuary cities
  • public campaign finance
  • Edward Snowden
  • affirmative action
  • mandatory vaccinations
  • GMO labels
  • felony voting rights

 

POPULIST

A populist supports…

  • death penalty
  • obamacare
  • drug price regulation
  • minimum wage
  • welfare
  • corporate tax
  • estate tax
  • border wall
  • Common Core
  • Syrian refugee immigration ban
  • military spending
  • torture techniques (such as waterboarding)
  • NSA surveillance
  • gun control
  • public campaign finance
  • War on Drugs
  • USA Patriot Act
  • affirmative action
  • mandatory vaccinations
  • GMO labels
  • climate change regulations
  • clean alternative energy

A populist opposes…

  • abortion rights
  • same-sex marriage
  • planned parenthood funding
  • sanctuary cities
  • Edward Snowden
  • fracking
  • oil drilling
  • felony voting rights

 

 

DEMOCRAT

A democrat supports…

  • protection of social programs
  • consumer protection programs
  • workplace safety regulations
  • equal opportunity and racial equality
  • regulation against pollution in the environment
  • clean alternative energy
  • scientific consensus on climate change
  • cap-and-trade policies
  • abortion rights
  • same-sex marriage
  • Planned Parenthood funding
  • Obamacare
  • drug price regulation
  • minimum wage
  • welfare
  • corporate tax
  • estate tax
  • sanctuary cities
  • Common Core
  • gun control
  • public campaign finance
  • Edward Snowden
  • affirmative action
  • mandatory vaccinations
  • GMO labels
  • felony voting rights

A democrat opposes…

  • death penalty
  • border wall
  • Syrian refugee immigration ban
  • military spending
  • torture (such as waterboarding)
  • NSA surveillance
  • War on Drugs
  • USA Patriot Act
  • fracking
  • oil drilling

Best 9th Grade Curriculum Materials and Resources

This list is what I would imagine my dream curriculum would have been for myself when I was growing up. If I’d gotten to choose my education, I would like to have drawn from these subjects and resources.

 

9th grade

1. personal finance

Get a Financial Life: Personal Finance In Your Twenties and Thirties

Personal Finance Workbook For Dummies

2. study skills

10 Steps to Earning Awesome Grades (While Studying Less)

– materials

Blue Sky 2016-2017 Academic Year Weekly & Monthly Planner, Wire-O Binding, Charcoal Cover, 5″ x 8″ (18732)

3. social skills

Improve Your Social Skills by Daniel Wendler

4. romantic relationships

How to Be an Adult in Relationships: The Five Keys to Mindful Loving

5. mental health

– activity therapy

The CBT Art Activity Book: 100 illustrated handouts for creative therapeutic work

– expressive therapy (self expression through creative expression)

The Expressive Arts Activity Book: A Resource for Professionals

– cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Workbook For Dummies

– dialectical behavior therapy

DBT® Skills Training Handouts and Worksheets

– meditation

guided meditations
https://www.youtube.com/user/TheHonestGuys/videos?view=0&flow=grid&sort=p

Buddha in Blue Jeans: An Extremely Short Simple Zen Guide to Sitting Quietly

6. first aid

(I recommend getting certified by a professional)

Basic First Aid Training video

First Aid Kit Hard Red Case 326 Pieces Exceeds OSHA and ANSI Guidelines

7. time management

Eat That Frog!: 21 Great Ways to Stop Procrastinating and Get More Done in Less Time

8. sports

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sports

9. negotiation/debate

Thank You For Arguing, Revised and Updated Edition: What Aristotle, Lincoln, And Homer Simpson Can Teach Us About the Art of Persuasion

10. leadership/management

How To Win Friends and Influence People

11. music (theory)

Alfred’s Basic Piano Library Flash Cards, Bk 2 & 3

Alfred’s Essentials of Music Theory, Bk 2

Alfred’s Essentials of Music Theory, Bk 1-3: Ear Training 2 CDs

Music Theory for Guitarists: Everything You Ever Wanted to Know But Were Afraid to Ask (Guitar Method)

12. dance (performance)

So You Think You Can Dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DctLJHiJgOI

– clothing

Capezio Girls’ Boy Cut Low Rise Short

Danskin Girls Student Footed Tight

Capezio Women’s Classic Short Sleeve Leotard

concert dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OOg5Zf79dcs

latin/rhythm dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fBrK9q6Nmu0

swing dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dUS1QQhc324

traditional jazz dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GgErNADPalU

ballroom dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r1rmktHvvs0

freestyle dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZxT7kK5Gygk

hip hop dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2H5-BIeKri4

disco dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rEyquJMl3tA

13. television (creation)

Create Your Own TV Series for the Internet

The Comedy Bible: From Stand-up to Sitcom–The Comedy Writer’s Ultimate “How To” Guide

14. theater (playwriting)

The Dramatic Writer’s Companion: Tools to Develop Characters, Cause Scenes, and Build Stories (Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing, and Publishing)

15. film (theory)

Cinematography: Theory and Practice: Image Making for Cinematographers and Directors

16. fine arts (sculpture)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

Sculpture: From Antiquity to the Present Day

– materials

     – clay

          Polyform Sculpey Original Polymer Clay, 1.75-Pound, White

     – pottery sculpting tools

          2013newestseller 10PCS Wooden Clay Sculpture knife Pottery Sharpen Modeling Tools Set

17. design (product)

Product Design (Portfolio) by Alex Milton

18. agronomy (agricultural science)

– producing plants

Giant Sunflower Kit – Hundreds of Jumbo Sun Flower Seeds for Planting – Yeilds Edible Seed

Tulip Bulbs – 12 Pink Impression Darwin Tulip – Bulb Size 11/12 cm – Fall Planting & Spring Blooms

Garlic Bulb (3 Pack), Fresh California Softneck Garlic Bulb For Planting and Growing Your Own Garlic

Grow 5 Herbs from Seed with Nature’s Blossom Plant Kit – All You Need to Have your own Organic Herb Garden at Home

– plant education

American Horticultural Society Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers

19. biology

Biology for Dummies

Biology Workbook For Dummies

The Biology Coloring Book

The Science Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

20. economics

The Economics Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Economic Facts and Fallacies

21. geography

Geography Coloring Book

Geography: A Visual Encyclopedia by DK

Geography of the World by DK Publishing

22. languages (greek and latin roots, stems, and prefixes)

Vocabulary Packets: Greek & Latin Roots: Ready-to-Go Learning Packets That Teach 40 Key Roots and Help Students Unlock the Meaning of Dozens and Dozens of Must-Know Vocabulary Words

23. writing (non-fiction)

Four Seasons of Creative Writing: 1,000 Prompts to Stop Writer’s Block (Story Prompts for Journaling, Blogging and Beating Writer’s Block)

24. philosophy (metaphysics)

Philosophy 101: From Plato and Socrates to Ethics and Metaphysics, an Essential Primer on the History of Thought (Adams 101)

The Philosophy Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

25. psychology

Psych 101: Psychology Facts, Basics, Statistics, Tests, and More! (Adams 101)

Psychology by David G. Myers

The Psychology Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

26. mathematics

All the Math You’ll Ever Need: A Self-Teaching Guide

Algebra II Workbook For Dummies

Best 8th Grade Curriculum Materials and Resources

This list is what I would imagine my dream curriculum would have been for myself when I was growing up. If I’d gotten to choose my education, I would like to have drawn from these subjects and resources.

8th grade

1. cooking

The Food Lab: Better Home Cooking Through Science

2. physical health

How Not to Die: Discover the Foods Scientifically Proven to Prevent and Reverse Disease

Spark: The Revolutionary New Science of Exercise and the Brain

Disease: The Story of Disease and Mankind’s Continuing Struggle Against It

3. self-defense

(I think this is best done in a class by an expert so I don’t have any resources for it)

4. sports

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sports

5. woodwork

The Complete Manual of Woodworking: A Detailed Guide to Design, Techniques, and Tools for the Beginner and Expert

– materials

200mm Silverline Woodwork Chisel Set

carving wood

Gorilla Original Gorilla Glue, 4 oz., Brown

6. music (composing)

Finale 2014 Music Notation Software – Academic Edition

The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Music Composition (Idiot’s Guides)

7. dance (history)

American Dance: The Complete Illustrated History

8. television (criticism)

http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/lists/best-tv-shows-ever-top-819499

9. theater (acting)

Reverse Charades

The Acting Bible: The Complete Resource for Aspiring Actors

10. film (criticism)

The Great Movies IV  by Roger Ebert

The Movie Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

11. fine arts (painting)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

Daily Painting: Paint Small and Often To Become a More Creative, Productive, and Successful Artist

– materials

     – paint kit

          US Art Supply 21-Piece Acrylic Painting Table Easel Set with, 12-Tubes Acrylic Painting Colors, 11″x14″ Stretched Canvas, 6 Artist Brushes, Plastic Palette with 10 Wells

     – canvas

          Artlicious – Canvas Panels 12 PACK – 8″X10″ Super Value Pack Artist Canvas Panel Boards for Painting

12. applied arts (printmaking)

The Printmaking Bible: The Complete Guide to Materials and Techniques

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

– materials

     – knife kit

           StarSide 12pcs Sculpting Art Hand Woodcarving Tool Chisels Knife Kit For Basic Woodcut DIY Tools

     – woodcut

          12 Baltic Birch Plywood Woodcut Painting Encaustic Panels Wood 8″ X 6″

     – engraving

          Royal Brush COPF17 Copper 8″X10″ Engraving Art Hummingbird

     – screenprinting

          Speedball Super Value Fabric Screen Printing Kit

13. physics

Basic Physics: A Self-Teaching Guide by Karl F. Kuhn

Physics Workbook For Dummies

14. sociology

The Sociology Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Sociology: A Brief Introduction by Richard T. Schaefer

15. history (economic)

A History of Economic Theory and Method by Robert B. Ekelund Jr.

The History Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

16. languages (english)

http://thegreatestbooks.org/

The Literature Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Linguistics For Dummies

17. writing (fiction)

Writing Fiction For Dummies

18. philosophy (political)

On Politics: A History of Political Thought: From Herodotus to the Present (2 Vol. Set) by Alan Ryan

The Politics Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

19. mathematics

All the Math You’ll Ever Need: A Self-Teaching Guide

Geometry Workbook For Dummies

Best 7th Grade Curriculum Materials and Resources

This list is what I would imagine my dream curriculum would have been for myself when I was growing up. If I’d gotten to choose my education, I would like to have drawn from these subjects and resources.

 

7th grade

1. study skills

10 Steps to Earning Awesome Grades (While Studying Less)

– materials

Blue Sky 2016-2017 Academic Year Weekly & Monthly Planner, Wire-O Binding, Charcoal Cover, 5″ x 8″ (18732)

2. social skills

Improve Your Social Skills by Daniel Wendler

3. survival skills

Outdoor Life: The Ultimate Survival Manual: 333 Skills that Will Get You Out Alive

4. mental health

– activity therapy

The CBT Art Activity Book: 100 illustrated handouts for creative therapeutic work

– expressive therapy (self expression through creative expression)

The Expressive Arts Activity Book: A Resource for Professionals

– cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Workbook For Dummies

– dialectical behavior therapy

DBT® Skills Training Handouts and Worksheets

– meditation

guided meditations
https://www.youtube.com/user/TheHonestGuys/videos?view=0&flow=grid&sort=p

Buddha in Blue Jeans: An Extremely Short Simple Zen Guide to Sitting Quietly

5. first aid

(getting certified by a professional recommended)

Basic First Aid Training video

First Aid Kit Hard Red Case 326 Pieces Exceeds OSHA and ANSI Guidelines

6. time management

Eat That Frog!: 21 Great Ways to Stop Procrastinating and Get More Done in Less Time

7. sports

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sports

8. music (recording)

– audio recording software

Propellerhead Reason 7 (Music Recording & Production Studio)

– percussion

Gammon Percussion Full Size Complete Adult 5 Piece Drum Set with Cymbals Stands Stool and Sticks

– brass

Mendini by Cecilio MTT-L Trumpet, Gold, Bb

– wind instruments

Lazarro Professional Silver Nickel Closed Hole C Flute for Band, Orchestra, with Case, Care Kit, Gloves and Warranty

OR

Legacy CL750 Intermediate Clarinet with Deluxe Carrying Case

OR

Mendini by Cecilio MAS-L+92D+PB Gold Lacquer E Flat Alto Saxophone with Tuner, Case, Mouthpiece, 10 Reeds and More

– stringed instruments

Cecilio CVN-300 Solidwood Ebony Fitted Violin with D’Addario Prelude Strings, Size 4/4 (Full Size)

OR

Epiphone Les Paul Electric Guitar Player Package, Vintage Sunburst

OR

Jasmine S35 Acoustic Guitar, Natural

OR

Crescent Electric Bass Guitar Starter Kit – Translucent Green Color (Includes CrescentTM Digital E-Tuner)

– electronic instruments

Williams Legato 88-Key Digital Piano

piano stand

pedal

– cable

USB Guitar Cable VAlinks USB Interface Male to 6.35mm 1/4″ Mono Male Electric Guitar Cable Studio Audio Cable Connector Cords Adapter for Instruments Recording Singing- 3m/10ft

– microphone

Floureon BM-800 Condenser Sound Studio Recording Broadcasting Microphone + Shock Mount Holder Blue

– headphones

Audio-Technica ATH-M20x Professional Headphones

9. dance (choreography)

So You Think You Can Dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DctLJHiJgOI

– clothing

Capezio Girls Boy Cut Low Rise Short

Danskin Girls Student Footed Tight

Capezio Women’s Classic Short Sleeve Leotard

ballet
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4CkO4s1vj2Y

contemporary dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIV0TCgUeYE

jazz dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QfiNcwvt7PQ

hip hop dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d3y17D_K9Zw

folk dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RYjYVQVf4UE

techno dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WLRKdR4qLwQ

k pop dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yzqZFU_dUr8

religious dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u-HzEVk4pg4

10. fine arts (drawing)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

– materials

     – graphite pencils, erasers, sketchpad, drawing pencils, and pencil sharpener

           33-piece Professional Art Kit – Drawing and Sketch Kit with Pencils, Erasers, Kit Bag and Free Sketchpad – Art Supplies, Drawing Pencils, Graphite Pencils, Pencil Sharpener

    – pastels

         Mungyo Non Toxic Square Chalk, Soft Pastel, 64 Pack, Assorted Colors (B441R078-7003A)

     – markers

          Crayola Pip-Squeaks Skinnies Washable Markers, 64 count, Great For Home or School, Perfect Art Tools

     – pens

          Sakura 30062 6-Piece Pigma Micron Ink Pen Set, Black

     – sketch book

          Canson Artist Series Universal Sketch Pad, 5.5″X8.5″ Side Wire

11. applied arts (mixed media)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

Surface Treatment Workshop: Explore 45 Mixed-Media Techniques

– materials

     – eyedropper

1oz Amber Glass Bottles for Essential Oils with Glass Eye Dropper

     – paints

          Apple Barrel Acrylic Paint Set, 18 Piece (2-Ounce), PROMOABI Best Selling Colors I

     – paintbrushes

          Loew-Cornell 245B Brush Set, Pack of 25, Multi Color

     – palette knife

          Uxcell 5-Piece Painting Knife Set

      – scissors

           Scotch Precision Ultra Edge Scissors, 8 Inch, 3-Pack (1458-3AMZ)

     – stamps

          Melissa & Doug Stamp-a-Scene-Fairy Garden

     – stencils

          24 Creative Plastic Stencils from Highlights

     – glue

          Elmer’s All Purpose School Glue Sticks, Clear, Washable, 4 Pack, 0.24-ounce sticks

          Elmer’s School Glue, Washable, 4 Ounces

          Gorilla Original Gorilla Glue, 4 oz., Brown

          CCbetter Mini Hot Melt Glue Gun with 25pcs Glue Sticks High Temperature Melting Glue Gun Kit Flexible Trigger for DIY Small Craft Projects&Sealing and Quick Repairs(20-watt, Blue)

     – paper towels

     – newspapers or plastic work surface

     – sandpaper

     – spray bottle

     – magazines

12. psychology

Psych 101: Psychology Facts, Basics, Statistics, Tests, and More! (Adams 101)

Psychology by David G. Myers

The Psychology Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

13. geography

Geography Coloring Book

Geography: A Visual Encyclopedia by DK

Geography of the World by DK Publishing

14. history (modern)

History: Modern History in 50 Events: From the Industrial Revolution to the Present (World History, History Books, People History) (History in 50 Events Series Book 7)

The History Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

15. languages (linguistics)

Linguistics For Dummies

16. writing (journalism)

You Can’t Make This Stuff Up: The Complete Guide to Writing Creative Nonfiction–from Memoir to Literary Journalism and Everything in Between

17. philosophy (logic)

An Introduction to Philosophical Logic by Anthony C. Grayling

The Philosophy Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

18. mathematics

All the Math You’ll Ever Need: A Self-Teaching Guide

Algebra I Workbook For Dummies

Best 6th Grade Curriculum Materials and Resources

This list is what I would imagine my dream curriculum would have been for myself when I was growing up. If I’d gotten to choose my education, I would like to have drawn from these subjects and resources.

 

6th grade

1. cooking

The Food Lab: Better Home Cooking Through Science

2. physical health

How Not to Die: Discover the Foods Scientifically Proven to Prevent and Reverse Disease

Spark: The Revolutionary New Science of Exercise and the Brain

Disease: The Story of Disease and Mankind’s Continuing Struggle Against It

3. inventing

Kids Inventing! A Handbook for Young Inventors

4. sports

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sports

5. woodwork

The Complete Manual of Woodworking: A Detailed Guide to Design, Techniques, and Tools for the Beginner and Expert

– materials

200mm Silverline Woodwork Chisel Set

carving wood

6. music (playing)

– percussion

Gammon Percussion Full Size Complete Adult 5 Piece Drum Set with Cymbals Stands Stool and Sticks

– brass

Mendini by Cecilio MTT-L Trumpet, Gold, Bb

– wind instruments

Lazarro Professional Silver Nickel Closed Hole C Flute for Band, Orchestra, with Case, Care Kit, Gloves and Warranty

OR

Legacy CL750 Intermediate Clarinet with Deluxe Carrying Case

OR

Mendini by Cecilio MAS-L+92D+PB Gold Lacquer E Flat Alto Saxophone with Tuner, Case, Mouthpiece, 10 Reeds and More

– stringed instruments

Cecilio CVN-300 Solidwood Ebony Fitted Violin with D’Addario Prelude Strings, Size 4/4 (Full Size)

OR

Epiphone Les Paul Electric Guitar Player Package, Vintage Sunburst

OR

Jasmine S35 Acoustic Guitar, Natural

OR

Crescent Electric Bass Guitar Starter Kit – Translucent Green Color (Includes CrescentTM Digital E-Tuner)

– electronic instruments

Williams Legato 88-Key Digital Piano

7. dance (performance)

So You Think You Can Dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DctLJHiJgOI

– clothing

Capezio Girls’ Boy Cut Low Rise Short

Danskin Girls Student Footed Tight

Capezio Women’s Classic Short Sleeve Leotard

concert dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OOg5Zf79dcs

latin/rhythm dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fBrK9q6Nmu0

swing dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dUS1QQhc324

traditional jazz dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GgErNADPalU

ballroom dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r1rmktHvvs0

freestyle dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZxT7kK5Gygk

hip hop dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2H5-BIeKri4

disco dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rEyquJMl3tA

8. theater (scenic design)

Fundamentals of Theatrical Design: A Guide to the Basics of Scenic, Costume, and Lighting Design

9. film (filmmaking)

How to Shoot Video That Doesn’t Suck: Advice to Make Any Amateur Look Like a Pro

– equipment

Beginner Filmmaker Starter Kit for Canon EOS DSLR 5D Mark II III 6D 7D 7D II 70D 60D T6s T6i T5i T4i T3i SL1

(use cell phone camera)

10. fine arts (photography)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

Adobe Creative Cloud Photography plan (Photoshop CC + Lightroom) Prepaid Membership 12 Month (Download)

Photography Photo Portrait Studio 600W Day Light Umbrella Continuous Lighting Kit by LimoStudio LMS103

The Photographer’s Playbook: 307 Assignments and Ideas

Digital Photography Complete Course by DK

Digital Photography Workbook For Dummies

(use cell phone camera)

11. applied arts (architecture)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

Chief Architect Home Designer Essentials 2017

The LEGO Architect

LEGO Architecture White House (21006)

Archidoodle: The Architect’s Activity Book

– materials

     – eraser

          Paper Mate Pink Pearl Premium Erasers, Large, 3-Count

     – pencil sharpener

          Prismacolor Scholar Pencil Sharpener

     – graphite pencil

          Derwent Graphic Drawing Pencils, Medium, Metal Tin, 12 Count (34214)

     – fine line pens

          Sakura 30062 6-Piece Pigma Micron Ink Pen Set, Black

     – paints

          Apple Barrel Acrylic Paint Set, 18 Piece (2-Ounce), PROMOABI Best Selling Colors I

     – brushes

          Loew-Cornell 245B Brush Set, Pack of 25, Multi Color

     – scale rule

          Timely Expanded House Plan Template (32T)

     – set square

          325mm Hypotenuse Metric Professional Geometry Set Square Drawing Drafting Triangle with Grip

     – circle template

          Westcott LetterCraft Large and Small Circles Template (T-831)

12. agronomy (agricultural science)

– producing plants

Giant Sunflower Kit – Hundreds of Jumbo Sun Flower Seeds for Planting – Yeilds Edible Seed

Tulip Bulbs – 12 Pink Impression Darwin Tulip – Bulb Size 11/12 cm – Fall Planting & Spring Blooms

Garlic Bulb (3 Pack), Fresh California Softneck Garlic Bulb For Planting and Growing Your Own Garlic

Grow 5 Herbs from Seed with Nature’s Blossom Plant Kit – All You Need to Have your own Organic Herb Garden at Home

– plant education

American Horticultural Society Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers

13. earth science

Earth Science by Edward J. Tarbuck

14. space science

Space: A Visual Encyclopedia by DK

National Geographic Backyard Guide to the Night Sky

Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey

The Astronomy Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

15. politics (government)

The Politics Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Understanding the Political World: A Comparative Introduction to Political Science

The Everything American Government Book: From the Constitution to Present-Day Elections, All You Need to Understand Our Democratic System

16. history (natural)

Natural History (Smithsonian) by DK

The History Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

17. languages (foreign)

– french

Living Language French, Complete Edition: Beginner through advanced course, including 3 coursebooks, 9 audio CDs, and free online learning

My French Coach – Nintendo DS

Nintendo DS

– spanish

Living Language Spanish, Complete Edition: Beginner through advanced course, including 3 coursebooks, 9 audio CDs, and free online learning

My Spanish Coach – Nintendo DS

Nintendo DS

– japanese

Living Language Japanese, Complete Edition: Beginner through advanced course, including 3 coursebooks, 9 audio CDs, and free online learning

My Japanese Coach – Nintendo DS

Nintendo DS

18. writing (non-fiction)

Four Seasons of Creative Writing: 1,000 Prompts to Stop Writer’s Block (Story Prompts for Journaling, Blogging and Beating Writer’s Block)

19. philosophy (history)

History of Philosophy: Overview of: Eastern Philosophy, Western Philosophy, and the Most Important Thinkers through the Ages (René Descartes, Kierkegaard, … Rousseau, Christian Philosophy Book 1)

A History of Philosophy Book Series (9 Books) by Frederick Copleston

The Philosophy Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

20. mathematics

Basic Math and Pre-Algebra Workbook For Dummies

Best 5th Grade Curriculum Materials and Resources

This list is what I would imagine my dream curriculum would have been for myself when I was growing up. If I’d gotten to choose my education, I would like to have drawn from these subjects and resources.

 

5th grade

1. mental health

– activity therapy

The CBT Art Activity Book: 100 illustrated handouts for creative therapeutic work

– expressive therapy (self expression through creative expression)

The Expressive Arts Activity Book: A Resource for Professionals

– cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Workbook For Dummies

– dialectical behavior therapy

DBT® Skills Training Handouts and Worksheets

– meditation

guided meditations
https://www.youtube.com/user/TheHonestGuys/videos?view=0&flow=grid&sort=p

Buddha in Blue Jeans: An Extremely Short Simple Zen Guide to Sitting Quietly

2. self-defense

(I think this is best done in a class by an expert so I don’t have any resources for it)

3. time management

Eat That Frog!: 21 Great Ways to Stop Procrastinating and Get More Done in Less Time

4. sports

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sports

5. leadership/management

How To Win Friends and Influence People

6. music (listening)

best of classical
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_50_Greatest_Pieces_of_Classical_Music

best of opera
http://www.ranker.com/list/best-opera-songs/bustermcdermott

best of electronic
http://www.laweekly.com/music/the-20-best-dance-music-tracks-in-history-6251507

best of folk music
http://www.npr.org/2009/06/19/105677068/folk-alleys-100-most-essential-folk-songs

best of pop
http://www.billboard.com/articles/list/2155531/the-hot-100-all-time-top-songs

best of blues
https://mygreatmusicdebate.com/my-top-100-blues-songs-of-all-time/

best of country
http://www.rollingstone.com/music/pictures/100-greatest-country-songs-of-all-time-20140601/1-johnny-cash-i-walk-the-line-1956-0196051

best of hip hop
http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/the-50-greatest-hip-hop-songs-of-all-time-20121205/grandmaster-flash-and-the-furious-five-the-message-19691231

best of jazz
http://www.jazz24.org/jazz-100/

best of reggae
https://digitaldreamdoor.com/pages/best_songs-Reggae.html

best of r&b
http://www.billboard.com/charts/greatest-r-b-hip-hop-songs

best of rock
http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/the-500-greatest-songs-of-all-time-20110407/bob-dylan-like-a-rolling-stone-20110516

best of alternative
https://digitaldreamdoor.com/pages/best_songs-Alternative.html

best of metal
http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/the-100-greatest-metal-albums-of-all-time-w486923/black-sabbath-paranoid-1970-w486954

best of punk
https://digitaldreamdoor.com/pages/best_songs-punk.html

best of progressive
http://www.popmatters.com/feature/141547-best-25-rock-songs-of-all-time/P4/

best of psychedelic
http://digitaldreamdoor.com/pages/best_songs-psych.html

7. dance (history)

American Dance: The Complete Illustrated History

8. theater (history)

Living Theater: A History

9. film (animation)

HUE Animation Studio (Blue) for Windows PCs and Apple Mac OS X: complete stop motion animation kit with camera, software and book

11. fine arts (sculpture)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

Sculpture: From Antiquity to the Present Day

– materials

     – clay

          Polyform Sculpey Original Polymer Clay, 1.75-Pound, White

     – pottery

          2013newestseller 10PCS Wooden Clay Sculpture knife Pottery Sharpen Modeling Tools Set

12. chemistry

Thames & Kosmos CHEM C3000 (V 2.0)

Chemistry For Dummies

Chemistry Workbook For Dummies

The Science Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

13. the law

Law 101: Everything You Need to Know About American Law

Law For Dummies

The Crime Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

14. geography

Geography Coloring Book

Geography: A Visual Encyclopedia by DK

Geography of the World by DK Publishing

15. languages (greek and latin roots, stems, and prefixes)

Vocabulary Packets: Greek & Latin Roots: Ready-to-Go Learning Packets That Teach 40 Key Roots and Help Students Unlock the Meaning of Dozens and Dozens of Must-Know Vocabulary Words

16. writing (fiction)

Writing Fiction For Dummies

Best 4th Grade Curriculum Materials and Resources

This list is what I would imagine my dream curriculum would have been for myself when I was growing up. If I’d gotten to choose my education, I would like to have drawn from these subjects and resources.

 

4th grade

1. physical health

How Not to Die: Discover the Foods Scientifically Proven to Prevent and Reverse Disease

Spark: The Revolutionary New Science of Exercise and the Brain

Disease: The Story of Disease and Mankind’s Continuing Struggle Against It

2. inventing

My Crazy Inventions Sketchbook: 50 Awesome Drawing Activities for Young Inventors

3. sports

The Ultimate Homeschool Physical Education Game Book: Fun & Easy-To-Use Games & Activities To Help You Teach Your Children Fitness, Movement & Sport Skills

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sports

4. woodwork

The Complete Manual of Woodworking: A Detailed Guide to Design, Techniques, and Tools for the Beginner and Expert

– materials

 200mm Silverline Woodwork Chisel Set

 carving wood

5. music (history)

Music by DK

6. dance (choreography)

So You Think You Can Dance

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DctLJHiJgOI

– clothing

Capezio Girls’ Boy Cut Low Rise Short

Danskin Girls Student Footed Tight

Capezio Womens Classic Short Sleeve Leotard

ballet
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4CkO4s1vj2Y

contemporary dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIV0TCgUeYE

jazz dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QfiNcwvt7PQ

hip hop dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d3y17D_K9Zw

folk dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RYjYVQVf4UE

techno dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WLRKdR4qLwQ

k pop dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yzqZFU_dUr8

religious dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u-HzEVk4pg4

7. theater (playwriting)

The Dramatic Writer’s Companion: Tools to Develop Characters, Cause Scenes, and Build Stories (Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing, and Publishing)

8. fine arts (painting)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

Daily Painting: Paint Small and Often To Become a More Creative, Productive, and Successful Artist

– materials

     – paint kit

          US Art Supply 21-Piece Acrylic Painting Table Easel Set with, 12-Tubes Acrylic Painting Colors, 11″x14″ Stretched Canvas, 6 Artist Brushes, Plastic Palette with 10 Wells

     – canvas

          Artlicious – Canvas Panels 12 Pack- 8″X10″ Super Value Pack Artist Canvas Panel Boards for Painting

9. applied arts (printmaking)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

The Printmaking Bible: The Complete Guide to Materials and Techniques

– materials

     – woodcut

          StarSide 12pcs Sculpting Art Hand Woodcarving Tool Chisels Knife Kit For Basic Woodcut DIY Tools

     – wood panels

          12 Baltic Birch Plywood Woodcut Painting Encaustic Panels Wood 8″ X 6″

     – engraving and etching

           Royal Brush COPF17 Copper 8″X10″ Engraving Art Hummingbird

     – screenprinting

           Speedball Super Value Fabric Screen Printing Kit

10. biology

Biology for Dummies

Biology Workbook For Dummies

The Biology Coloring Book

The Science Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

11. economics

The Economics Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Economic Facts and Fallacies

12. languages (english)

http://time.com/100-best-young-adult-books/

Linguistics For Dummies

13. writing (journalism)

You Can’t Make This Stuff Up: The Complete Guide to Writing Creative Nonfiction–from Memoir to Literary Journalism and Everything in Between

Best 3rd Grade Curriculum Materials and Resources

This list is what I would imagine my dream curriculum would have been for myself when I was growing up. If I’d gotten to choose my education, I would like to have drawn from these subjects and resources.

 

3rd grade

1. mental health

– activity therapy

The Big Book of Therapeautic Activity Ideas for Children and Teens: Inspiring Arts-Based Activities and Character Education Curricula

The Big Book of EVEN MORE Therapeutic Activity Ideas for Children and Teens: Inspiring Arts-Based Activities and Character Education Curricula

– expressive therapy (self expression through creative expression)

Creative Family Therapy Techniques: Play, Art, and Expressive Activities to Engage Children in Family Sessions

– cognitive behavioral therapy

Think Good – Feel Good: A Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Workbook for Children and Young People

– dialectical behavior therapy

Dialectical Behavior Therapy: Children & Adolescents

– meditation

Sitting Still Like a Frog: Mindfulness Exercises for Kids (and Their Parents)

2. time management

Eat That Frog!: 21 Great Ways to Stop Procrastinating and Get More Done in Less Time

3. sports

The Ultimate Homeschool Physical Education Game Book: Fun & Easy-To-Use Games & Activities To Help You Teach Your Children Fitness, Movement & Sport Skills

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sports

4. music (theory)

Piano Cards: Beginner Level 1

Alfred’s Essentials of Music Theory: A Complete Self-Study Course for All Musicians (Book & 2 CDs)

Music Theory for Guitarists: Everything You Ever Wanted to Know But Were Afraid to Ask (Guitar Method)

5. dance (performance)

So You Think You Can Dance

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DctLJHiJgOI

– clothing

Capezio Girls’ Boy Cut Low Rise Short

Danskin Girls Student Footed Tight

Capezio Girls’ Classic Short Sleeve Leotard

concert dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OOg5Zf79dcs

latin/rhythm dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fBrK9q6Nmu0

swing dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dUS1QQhc324

traditional jazz dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GgErNADPalU

ballroom dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r1rmktHvvs0

freestyle dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZxT7kK5Gygk

hip hop dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2H5-BIeKri4

disco dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rEyquJMl3tA

6. theater (acting)

Reverse Charades

The Acting Bible: The Complete Resource for Aspiring Actors

7. fine arts (drawing)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

– materials

     – graphite pencils, charcoal, erasers, pencil sharpener, and sketchpad

          33-piece Professional Art Kit – Drawing and Sketch Kit with Pencils, Erasers, Kit Bag and Free Sketchpad – Art Supplies, Drawing Pencils, Graphite Pencils, Pencil Sharpener

     – pastels

          Mungyo Non Toxic Square Chalk, Soft Pastel, 64 Pack, Assorted Colors (B441R078-7003A)

     – markers

          Magicdo 24Cols Watercolor Pen, Stamp Marker pen, Watercolor Marker pen with Art Seal, Non-Toxic& Washable Markers for Kids and Adults Coloring Book, Doodling, Drawing

     – pen

          Sakura 30062 6-Piece Pigma Micron Ink Pen Set, Black

  – sketch book

     Canson Artist Series Universal Sketch Pad, 5.5″X8.5″ Side Wire

8. applied arts (mixed media)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

Surface Treatment Workshop: Explore 45 Mixed-Media Techniques

– materials

     – eyedropper

          1oz Amber Glass Bottles for Essential Oils with Glass Eye Dropper

     – newspapers or plastic work surface

     – paints

          Apple Barrel Acrylic Paint Set, 18 Piece (2-Ounce), PROMOABI Best Selling Colors I

     – paintbrushes

          Loew-Cornell 245B Brush Set, Pack of 25, Multi Color

     – palette knife

          Uxcell 5-Piece Painting Knife Set

     – stamps

          Melissa & Doug Stamp-a-Scene-Fairy Garden

      – stencils

          24 Creative Plastic Stencils from Highlights

     – paper towels

     – sandpaper

     – scissors

     – spray bottle

9. agronomy (agricultural science)

– producing plants

Giant Sunflower Kit – Hundreds of Jumbo Sun Flower Seeds for Planting – Yeilds Edible Seed

Tulip Bulbs – 12 Pink Impression Darwin Tulip – Bulb Size 11/12 cm – Fall Planting & Spring Blooms

Garlic Bulb (3 Pack), Fresh California Softneck Garlic Bulb For Planting and Growing Your Own Garlic

Grow 5 Herbs from Seed with Nature’s Blossom Plant Kit – All You Need to Have your own Organic Herb Garden at Home

– plant education

American Horticultural Society Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers

10. geography

Geography Coloring Book

Brainbox All Around The World

National Geographic Kids World Atlas

11. languages (linguistics)

Linguistics For Dummies

12. writing (non-fiction)

Four Seasons of Creative Writing: 1,000 Prompts to Stop Writer’s Block (Story Prompts for Journaling, Blogging and Beating Writer’s Block)

Best 2nd Grade Curriculum Materials and Resources

This list is what I would imagine my dream curriculum would have been for myself when I was growing up. If I’d gotten to choose my education, I would like to have drawn from these subjects and resources.

 

2nd grade

1. physical health

How Not to Die: Discover the Foods Scientifically Proven to Prevent and Reverse Disease

Spark: The Revolutionary New Science of Exercise and the Brain

Disease: The Story of Disease and Mankind’s Continuing Struggle Against It

2. self-defense

(I think this is best done in a class by an expert so I don’t have any resources for it)

3. inventing

My Crazy Inventions Sketchbook: 50 Awesome Drawing Activities for Young Inventors

4. sports

The Ultimate Homeschool Physical Education Game Book: Fun & Easy-To-Use Games & Activities To Help You Teach Your Children Fitness, Movement & Sport Skills

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sports

5. music (composing)

Finale 2014 Music Notation Software – Academic Edition

The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Music Composition (Idiot’s Guides)

6. dance (history)

American Dance: The Complete Illustrated History

7. fine arts (photography)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

Adobe Creative Cloud Photography plan (Photoshop CC + Lightroom) Prepaid Membership 12 Month (Download)

Photography Photo Portrait Studio 600W Day Light Umbrella Continuous Lighting Kit by LimoStudio LMS103

The Photographer’s Playbook: 307 Assignments and Ideas

Digital Photography Complete Course by DK

Digital Photograpy Workbook For Dummies

(use camera on phone)

8. applied arts (architecture)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

Chief Architect Home Designer Essentials 2017

The LEGO Architect

LEGO Architecture New York City 21028

Archidoodle: The Architect’s Activity Book

– materials

    – eraser

          Paper Mate Pink Pearl Premium Erasers, Large, 3-Count

     – pencil sharpener

          Prismacolor Scholar Pencil Sharpener

     – graphite pencil

          Derwent Graphic Drawing Pencils, Medium, Metal Tin, 12 Count (34214)

     – fine line pens

          Sakura 30062 6-Piece Pigma Micron Ink Pen Set, Black

     – paints

          Apple Barrel Acrylic Paint Set, 18 Piece (2-Ounce), PROMOABI Best Selling Colors I

     – brushes

          Loew-Cornell 245B Brush Set, Pack of 25, Multi Color

     – scale rule

          Timely Expanded House Plan Template (32T)

     – set square

          325mm Hypotenuse Metric Professional Geometry Set Square Drawing Drafting Triangle with Grip

     – circle template

          Westcott LetterCraft Large and Small Circles Template (T-831)

9. mathematics

Basic Math and Pre-Algebra Workbook For Dummies

Brain Quest Workbook, Grade 2

10. languages (foreign)

– french

Living Language French, Complete Edition: Beginner through advanced course, including 3 coursebooks, 9 audio CDs, and free online learning 

My French Coach – Nintendo DS

Nintendo DS

– spanish

Living Language Spanish, Complete Edition: Beginner through advanced course, including 3 coursebooks, 9 audio CDs, and free online learning 

My Spanish Coach – Nintendo DS

Nintendo DS

11. writing (fiction)

Writing Fiction For Dummies

Best 1st Grade Curriculum Materials and Resources

This list is what I would imagine my dream curriculum would have been for myself when I was growing up. If I’d gotten to choose my education, I would like to have drawn from these subjects and resources.

 

1st Grade

1. manners

365 Manners Kids Should Know: Games, Activities, and Other Fun Ways to Help Children and Teens Learn Etiquette

2. gun safety

Don’t Play With Guns Coloring & Activity Book

3. hygiene

Germs Are Not for Sharing (Board Book) (Best Behavior Series)

4. mental health

– activity therapy

The Big Book of Therapeautic Activity Ideas for Children and Teens: Inspiring Arts-Based Activities and Character Education Curricula

The Big Book of EVEN MORE Therapeutic Activity Ideas for Children and Teens: Inspiring Arts-Based Activities and Character Education Curricula

– expressive therapy (self expression through creative expression)

Creative Family Therapy Techniques: Play, Art, and Expressive Activities to Engage Children in Family Sessions

– cognitive behavioral therapy

Think Good – Feel Good: A Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Workbook for Children and Young People

– dialectical behavior therapy

Dialectical Behavior Therapy: Children & Adolescents

– meditation

Sitting Still Like a Frog: Mindfulness Exercises for Kids (and Their Parents)

5. sports

The Ultimate Homeschool Physical Education Game Book: Fun & Easy-To-Use Games & Activities To Help You Teach Your Children Fitness, Movement & Sport Skills

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sports

6. leadership/management

How To Win Friends and Influence People

7. music (recording)

– audio recording software

Propellerhead Reason 7 (Music Recording & Production Studio)

– percussion

Mendini by Cecilio 13 Inch 3-Piece Kids / Junior Drum Set with Adjustable Throne, Cymbal, Pedal & Drumsticks, Metallic Blue, MJDS-1-BL

– wind instruments

Set of 3 Music 1. Clarinet 2. Saxophone 3. Trumpet, Combo with over 10 Color Coded Teaching Songs

– stringed instruments

New 30″ Kids Black Electric Guitar With Amp & Much More Guitar Combo Accessory Kit

– electronic instruments

RockJam 561 Electronic 61 Key Digital Piano Keyboard SuperKit with Stand, Stool, Headphones, & Includes Piano Maestro Teaching App with 30 Songs

– cable

USB Guitar Cable VAlinks USB Interface Male to 6.35mm 1/4″ Mono Male Electric Guitar Cable Studio Audio Cable Connector Cords Adapter for Instruments Recording Singing- 3m/10ft

Hosa MID-320BK 5-Pin DIN to 5-Pin DIN MIDI Cable, 20 feet

– microphone

Floureon BM-800 Condenser Sound Studio Recording Broadcasting Microphone + Shock Mount Holder Blue

– headphones

Audio-Technica ATH-M20x Professional Headphones

8. dance (choreography)

So You Think You Can Dance

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DctLJHiJgOI

– clothing

Capezio Girls’ Boy Cut Low Rise Short

Danskin Girls Student Footed Tight

Capezio Girls’ Classic Short Sleeve Leotard

ballet
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4CkO4s1vj2Y

contemporary dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIV0TCgUeYE

jazz dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QfiNcwvt7PQ

hip hop dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d3y17D_K9Zw

folk dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RYjYVQVf4UE

techno dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WLRKdR4qLwQ

k pop dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yzqZFU_dUr8

religious dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u-HzEVk4pg4

9. theater (scenic design)

Fundamentals of Theatrical Design: A Guide to the Basics of Scenic, Costume, and Lighting Design

10. film (filmmaking)

How to Shoot Video That Doesn’t Suck: Advice to Make Any Amateur Look Like a Pro

– equipment

Beginner Filmmaker Starter Kit for Canon EOS DSLR 5D Mark II III 6D 7D 7D II 70D 60D T6s T6i T5i T4i T3i SL1

(use cell phone camera)

11. fine arts (sculpture)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

Sculpture: From Antiquity to the Present Day

– materials

     – clay

          Polyform Sculpey Original Polymer Clay, 1.75-Pound, White

     – pottery

          2013newestseller 10PCS Wooden Clay Sculpture knife Pottery Sharpen Modeling Tools Set

12. earth science

Janice VanCleave’s Earth Science for Every Kid: 101 Easy Experiments that Really Work

How the World Works: A Hands-On Guide to Our Amazing Planet

13. space science

The Magic School Bus: The Secrets of Space

Space! by DK

The Astronomy Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

14. languages (greek and latin roots, stems, and prefixes)

Vocabulary Packets: Greek & Latin Roots: Ready-to-Go Learning Packets That Teach 40 Key Roots and Help Students Unlock the Meaning of Dozens and Dozens of Must-Know Vocabulary Words

15. writing (journalism)

You Can’t Make This Stuff Up: The Complete Guide to Writing Creative Nonfiction–from Memoir to Literary Journalism and Everything in Between

LeapFrog LeapReader Reading and Writing System

Best Kindergarten Curriculum Materials and Resources

This list is what I would imagine my dream curriculum would have been for myself when I was growing up. If I’d gotten to choose my education, I would like to have drawn from these subjects and resources.

 

Kindergarten

1. inventing

My Crazy Inventions Sketchbook: 50 Awesome Drawing Activities for Young Inventors

2. sports

The Ultimate Homeschool Physical Education Game Book: Fun & Easy-To-Use Games & Activities To Help You Teach Your Children Fitness, Movement & Sport Skills

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sports

3. music (playing)

     – percussion

          VTech KidiBeats Kids Drum Set

     – wind instruments

          Set of 3 Music 1. Clarinet 2. Saxophone 3. Trumpet, Combo with over 10 Color Coded Teaching Songs

     – stringed instruments

          New 30″ Kids Black Electric Guitar With Amp & Much More Guitar Combo Accessory Kit

     – electronic instruments

          RockJam 561 Electronic 61 Key Digital Piano Keyboard SuperKit with Stand, Stool, Headphones, & Includes Piano Maestro Teaching App with 30 Songs

4. dance (performance)

So You Think You Can Dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DctLJHiJgOI

     – clothing

Capezio Girls’ Boy Cut Low Rise Short

Danskin Girls Student Footed Tight

Capezio Girls’ Classic Short Sleeve Leotard

 

concert dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OOg5Zf79dcs

latin/rhythm dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fBrK9q6Nmu0

swing dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dUS1QQhc324

traditional jazz dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GgErNADPalU

ballroom jazz dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r1rmktHvvs0

freestyle dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZxT7kK5Gygk

hip hop dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2H5-BIeKri4

disco dance
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rEyquJMl3tA

5. puppetry

ALEX Toys Little Hands Paper Bag Puppets

6. film (animation)

HUE Animation Studio (Blue) for Windows PCs and Apple Mac OS X: complete stop motion animation kit with camera, software and book

7. fine arts (painting)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

Daily Painting: Paint Small and Often To Become a More Creative, Productive, and Successful Artist

– materials

    – paint kit

          US Art Supply 21-Piece Acrylic Painting Table Easel Set with, 12-Tubes Acrylic Painting Colors, 11″x14″ Stretched Canvas, 6 Artist Brushes, Plastic Palette with 10 Wells

      – canvas

           Artlicious – CANVAS PANELS 12 PACK – 8″X10″ SUPER VALUE PACK Artist Canvas Panel Boards for Painting

8. applied arts (printmaking)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

The Printmaking Bible: The Complete Guide to Materials and Techniques

– materials

    – woodcarving tool chisels

          StarSide 12pcs Sculpting Art Hand Woodcarving Tool Chisels Knife Kit For Basic Woodcut DIY Tools

  – woodcut

          12 Baltic Birch Plywood Woodcut Painting Encaustic Panels Wood 8″ X 6″

     – engraving

          Royal Brush COPF17 Copper 8″X10″ Engraving Art Hummingbird

     – screenprinting

          Speedball Super Value Fabric Screen Printing Kit

9. agronomy (agricultural science)

– producing plants

Giant Sunflower Kit – Hundreds of Jumbo Sun Flower Seeds for Planting – Yeilds Edible Seed

Tulip bulbs – 12 Pink Impression Darwin Tulip – Bulb Size 11/12 cm – Fall planting & spring blooms

Garlic bulb (3 Pack), Fresh California Softneck Garlic Bulb for Planting and Growing Your Own Garlic

Grow 5 Herbs from Seed with Nature’s Blossom Plant Kit – All You Need to Have your own Organic Herb Garden at Home

– plant education

American Horticultural Society Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers

10. chemistry

The Magic School Bus – Chemistry Lab

Chemistry For Dummies

Chemistry Workbook For Dummies

11. languages (english)

http://time.com/100-best-childrens-books/

Linguistics For Dummies

12. writing (non-fiction)

Four Seasons of Creative Writing: 1,000 Prompts to Stop Writer’s Block (Story Prompts for Journaling, Blogging and Beating Writer’s Block)

LeapFrog LeapReader Reading and Writing System

Best Preschool Curriculum Materials and Resources

This list is what I would imagine my dream curriculum would have been for myself when I was growing up. If I’d gotten to choose my education, I would like to have drawn from these subjects and resources.

 

Preschool

1. manners

Blunders Preschool Manner Mats

2. gun safety

Don’t Play With Guns Coloring & Activity Book

3. hygiene

Germs Are Not for Sharing (Board Book) (Best Behavior Series)

4. mental health

– activity therapy

The Big Book of Therapeutic Activity Ideas for Children and Teens: Inspiring Arts-Based Activities and Character Education Curricula

The Big Book of EVEN MORE Therapeutic Activity Ideas for Children and Teens: Inspiring Arts-Based Activities and Character Education Curricula

– expressive therapy (self expression through creative expression)

Creative Family Therapy Techniques: Play, Art, and Expressive Activities to Engage Children in Family Sessions

– cognitive behavioral therapy

Think Good – Feel Good: A Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Workbook for Children and Young People

– dialectical behavior therapy

Dialectical Behavior Therapy: Children & Adolescents

– meditation

Sitting Still Like a Frog: Mindfulness Exercises for Kids (and Their Parents)

5. sports

The Ultimate Homeschool Physical Education Game Book: Fun & Easy-To-Use Games & Activities To Help You Teach Your Children Fitness, Movement & Sport Skills

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sports

6. music (listening)

best of classical
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_50_Greatest_Pieces_of_Classical_Music

best of opera
http://www.ranker.com/list/best-opera-songs/bustermcdermott

best of electronic
http://www.laweekly.com/music/the-20-best-dance-music-tracks-in-history-6251507

best of folk music
http://www.npr.org/2009/06/19/105677068/folk-alleys-100-most-essential-folk-songs

best of pop
http://www.billboard.com/articles/list/2155531/the-hot-100-all-time-top-songs

best of blues
https://mygreatmusicdebate.com/my-top-100-blues-songs-of-all-time/

best of country
http://www.rollingstone.com/music/pictures/100-greatest-country-songs-of-all-time-20140601/1-johnny-cash-i-walk-the-line-1956-0196051

best of hip hop
http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/the-50-greatest-hip-hop-songs-of-all-time-20121205/grandmaster-flash-and-the-furious-five-the-message-19691231

best of jazz
http://www.jazz24.org/jazz-100/

best of reggae
https://digitaldreamdoor.com/pages/best_songs-Reggae.html

best of r&b
http://www.billboard.com/charts/greatest-r-b-hip-hop-songs

best of rock
http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/the-500-greatest-songs-of-all-time-20110407/bob-dylan-like-a-rolling-stone-20110516

best of alternative
https://digitaldreamdoor.com/pages/best_songs-Alternative.html

best of metal
http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/the-100-greatest-metal-albums-of-all-time-w486923/black-sabbath-paranoid-1970-w486954

best of punk
https://digitaldreamdoor.com/pages/best_songs-punk.html

best of progressive
http://www.popmatters.com/feature/141547-best-25-rock-songs-of-all-time/P4/

best of psychedelic
http://digitaldreamdoor.com/pages/best_songs-psych.html

 

7. fine arts (drawing)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

How to Draw Cool Stuff: A Drawing Guide for Teachers and Students

– materials

     – graphite

     – charcoal

           33-piece Professional Art Kit – Drawing and Sketch Kit with Pencils, Erasers, Kit Bag and Free Sketchpad – Art Supplies, Drawing Pencils, Graphite Pencils, Pencil Sharpener

     – pastels

           Mungyo Non Toxic Square Chalk, Soft Pastel, 64 Pack, Assorted Colors (B441R078-7003A)

     – marker

          Magicdo 24Cols Watercolor Pen, Stamp Marker pen, Watercolor Marker pen with Art Seal, Non-Toxic& Washable Markers for Kids and Adults Coloring Book, Doodling, Drawing

     – pen

          Sakura 30062 6-Piece Pigma Micron Ink Pen Set, Black

     – sketch book

          Canson Artist Series Universal Sketch Pad, 5.5″X8.5″ Side Wire

8. applied arts (mixed media)

The Art Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

Art: Over 2,500 Works from Cave to Contemporary

Surface Treatment Workshop: Explore 45 Mixed-Media Techniques

– materials

     – eyedropper

          1oz Amber Glass Bottles for Essential Oils with Glass Eye Dropper

     – newspapers or plastic work surface

     – paints

          Apple Barrel Acrylic Paint Set, 18 Piece (2-Ounce), PROMOABI Best Selling Colors I

     – paintbrushes

          Loew-Cornell 245B Brush Set, Pack of 25, Multi Color

     – palette knife

          Uxcell 5-Piece Painting Knife Set

     – stamps

Melissa & Doug Stamp-a-Scene-Fairy Garden

     – stencils

24 Creative Plastic Stencils from Highlights

     – paper towels

     – sandpaper

     – scissors

     – spray bottle

9. biology

Biology for Dummies and Workbook

The Biology Coloring Book

The Science Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)

10. linguistics

Linguistics For Dummies

Introducing Linguistics: A Graphic Guide

11. writing (fiction)

Writing Fiction For Dummies

LeapFrog LeapReader Reading and Writing System

12th Grade Curriculum for the 21st Century

These are my ideas for a new type of school curriculum. This is just an overview and the subjects, of course, would need to be taught in an age appropriate way, which I haven’t done here. Ideally, the student would pick from each subject what interested them.

 

12th grade
 
1. personal finance
– financial position
– adequate protection
– tax planning
– investment and accumulation goals
– retirement planning
– estate planning
 
2. home repair
– worn
– damaged
– maintenance
– good operations
– remediation of environmental problems
3. car repair
– oil change
– fluids
– tires
– safety procedures
4. credit
– credit cards
– credit management
– credit scoring
– interest rates
– bank credit
– commerce
– consumer credit
– investment credit
– real estate
 
5. finding a job
– resume
– networking
– referrals
– job boards and career websites
– job fairs
– company websites
– cold calling
– recruitment agencies
– temping and internships
– interview
6. physical health
– diet
– exercise
– sleep
– disease
7. sports
 
8. business
– forms of ownership
– classifications
– management
– organization and government regulation
9. accounting
– financial
– management
– auditing
– information systems
– tax
10. career paths
– assessment
– information
– counseling
– education
11. leadership/management
– planning
– organizing
– coordinating
– commanding
– controlling
– interpersonal
– informational
– decision
12. teaching
 (education)
– formal education
  – preschool
  – primary
  – secondary
  – tertiary (higher)
  – vocational
  – special
– educational forms
  – alternative
  – indigenous
  – informal learning
  – self-directed learning
  – open education and electronic technology
– development goals
  – internationalization
  – education and technology in developing countries
  – private vs public funding in developing countries
– educational theory
  – purpose of schools
  – educational psychology
  – the intelligence-education relationship
  – learning modalities
  – philosophy
  – curriculum
  – instruction
– economics of education
13. music (playing)
– percussion
– wind instruments
– stringed instruments
– electronic instruments
14. dance (performance)
– concert dance
– latin/rhythm
– swing
– traditional jazz
– ballroom
– freestyle
– hip hop
– disco
15. fine arts (painting)
– different media (oil, acrylic, etc.)
– symbolic
– still life
– body painting
– figure painting
– illustration
– landscape
– portrait
– cityscape
16. applied arts (printmaking)
– woodcut
– engraving
– etching
– screenprinting
– digital
17. design (user experience)
– elements
  – visual design
  – information architecture
  – interaction design
  – usability
  – human-computer interactiono
– general process
– UX deliverables
– designers\
  – graphic designers
  – visual designers
  – interaction
– testing
– benefits
 
18. medicine
– clinical practice
– institutions
  – delivery
– branches
  – basic sciences
  – specialties
  – interdisciplinary fields
– education and legal controls
– medical ethics
– traditional medicine
 
19. mathematics
– quantity
– structure
– space
– change
– foundations and philosophy
– logic
– discrete
– applied
20. psychology
– schools of thought
  – biological
  – behavioral
  – cognitive
  – social
  – existential-humanist
– themes
  – personality
  – unconscious mind
  – motivation
  – development
  – genes and environment
– applications
  – mental testing
  – mental health care
  – education
  – work
  – military and intelligence
  – health, well-being, and social change
– research methods
  – controlled experiments
  – statistical inference
  – technological assays
  – computer simulation
  – animal studies
  – qualitative and descriptive research
– contemporary issues
– ethics
  – humans
  – other animals
21. history (world)
– prehistory
  – early humans
  – rise of civilization
– ancient history
  – timeline
  – cradles of civilization
  – axial age
  – regional empires
  – declines, falls, and resurgence
– post-classical
  – western asia and north africa
  – europe
  – sub-saharan africa
  – south asia
  – east asia
  – central asia
  – southeast asia
  – oceania
  – the americas
– modern
  – early modern period
  – late modern period
  – contemporary history
22. languages (english)
– phonology
  – consonants
  – vowels
  – phonotactics
  – stress, rhythm and intonation
  – regional variation
– grammar
  – nouns and noun phrases
  – verbs and verb tense
  – syntax
– vocabulary
  – word formation processes
  – word origins
  – english loanwords and calques in other languages
23. writing (non-fiction)
– expository (explaining or informing the reader about a certain topic)
– argumentative
  – background
  – thesis
  – 3 claims
  – evidence for each claim
  – opposing views (2)
  – refutation of 2 opposing views
  – conclusion
 opinion
  – both sides of argument
  – opinions
  – reasons for opinions
  – examples to support reasons
  – conclusions
– essay
  – introductory
  – body
  – transitions
  – conclusion
– biography
  – research
  – reading works already written about the subject
  – interviews
  – visit places significant to the subject’s life
  – explore what interested, influenced and inspired the subject
  – study the time and place of the subject’s life
  – analyzing the subject’s life
  – look for patterns
  – thesis statement
  – decide how to recount the person’s life
  – narrative
  – write
  – drafts
  – get someone to read it
  – proofread
  – title
  – sources
  – publish
– memoir
  – memories
– historical
  – outline
– scientific
24. philosophy (ethics)
– meta-ethics
– normative ethics
  – virtue ethics
  – hedonism
  – state consequentialism
  – consequentialism/teleology
  – deontology
  – pragmatic ethics
  – role ethics
  – anarchist ethics
  – postmodern ethics
– applied
  – specific questions
  – particular fields of application
    – bioethics
    – business
    – machine
    – military
    – political
    – public sector
    – publication
    – relational
– moral
  – evolutionary ethics
– descriptive

11th Grade Curriculum for the 21st Century

These are my ideas for a new type of school curriculum. This is just an overview and the subjects, of course, would need to be taught in an age appropriate way, which I haven’t done here. Ideally, the student would pick from each subject what interested them.

 

11th grade
 
1. romantic relationships
– relationship resources
– relationship restoration
– relationship maintenance
– evidence-based marriage education
2. the healthcare system
– statistics
  – nobel prize
– providers
– facilities
  – physicians
  – medical products, research and development
  – healthcare provider employment in the united states
– spending
– regulation and oversight
  – involved organizations and institutions
  – certificates of need for hospitals
  – licensing of providers
  – quality assurance
– system effectiveness
  – measures of effectiveness
  – compared to other countries
– efficiency
  – third party payment problem and consumer driven insurance
  – overall costs
  – equity
– drug efficacy and safety
  – impact of drug companies
– political issues
  – prescription drug prices
  – debate
– reform
3. mental health
– activity therapy
  – recreational exercise outside (hiking, tennis, etc.)
  – journaling
  – relaxation
  – arts and crafts
  – music therapy
  – camping
– expressive therapy (self expression through creative expression)
(excited, tender, scared, angry, sad, happy)
  – art
  – dance
  – drama
  – role play
  – writing
  – film based
  – poetry
  – play
  – sandplay
  – dreamwork
 
– cognitive behavioral therapy
  – thinking of problems and solutions
  – writing self-statements to counter negative thoughts
  – new opportunities to think positive thoughts
  – visualizing the best part of the day
  – learn to accept disappointment as part of life
 
– dialectical behavior therapy
  – mindfulness: observe, describe, participate
  – distress tolerance
  – emotion regulation
  – interpersonal effectiveness
 
– meditation
  – lie comfortably
  – close your eyes
  – breathe naturally
  – focus on breath
  – notice your body
  – return to your breath when your mind wanders
  – do for 2-3 minutes
4. first aid
– airway management
– cardiopulmonary resucitation
– emergency bleeding control
5. time management
– environment conducive to effectiveness
– setting priorities
– carrying out prioritization
– reducing time on non-priorities
– incentives to modify behavior
6. sports
 
7. negotiation/debate
– strategies
  – distributive negotiation
  – integrative negotiation
– elements of negotiation
  – adversary of partner
  – employing an advocate
  – perspective taking for integrative negotiation
  – negotiation styles
  – types of negotiators
  – bad faith negotiation
– emotion
  – affect effect
  – positive affect
  – negative affect
  – conditions of emotion affect
  – effect of partner’s emotions
  – problems with laboratory studies
– team negotiation
– barriers
– tactics
– nonverbal communication
 
8. accounting
– financial
– management
– auditing
– information systems
– tax
9. career paths
– assessment
– information
– counseling
– education
10. teaching (education)
– formal education
  – preschool
  – primary
  – secondary
  – tertiary (higher)
  – vocational
  – special
– educational forms
  – alternative
  – indigenous
  – informal learning
  – self-directed learning
  – open education and electronic technology
– development goals
  – internationalization
  – education and technology in developing countries
  – private vs public funding in developing countries
– educational theory
  – purpose of schools
  – educational psychology
  – the intelligence-education relationship
  – learning modalities
  – philosophy
  – curriculum
  – instruction
– economics of education
11. music (listening)
– pitch and melody
– harmony and chords
– rhythm
– expression
– genres
  – african
  – asian
  – avant garde
  – blues
  – caribbean
  – country
  – easy listening
  – electronic
  – folk
  – hip hop
  – jazz
  – latin
  – pop
  – r&b soul
  – rock
12. dance (history)
– early dance
  – means of social communication and bonding
  – as folk celebrations
  – in ceremonies and rituals
  – as a method of healing
  – as a method of expression
– asia
  – indian classical dance
  – china
 europe
  – court dancing to romanticism
  – ballet to contemporary dance
  – last 20th and early 21st centuries
– 20th century american
13. television (creation)
 
14. theater (stage design)
 
15. film (filmmaking)
– initial story
– screenwriting
  – three act structure
  – the hero’s journey
  – syd field’s paradigm
  – the sequence approach
  – imagery
  – dialogue
  – plot
– casting
– shooting
  – basic terms
  – cinematography
  – lighting
  – special effects
– sound recording
– editing
  – editing techniques
– screening
16. fine arts (drawing)
– materials
  – graphite
  – charcoal
  – pastels
  – marker
  – pen
  – ink
– technique
  – holding a pencil
  – shading
  – line weight
  – checking
  – is it ever finished?
– tone
  – light and dark
– form and proportion
  – measuring
  – dots and lines
– perspective
– artistry
  – negative space
  – viewing art from artists
– process
  – motor function
  – perception
  – visual memory
17. applied arts (mixed media)
 
18. design (graphic)
– typography
– page layout
– printmaking
– tools
  – computers and the creative process
19. earth science
– earth’s interior
– electromagnetic field
– atmosphere
– methodology
– earth’s spheres
  – atmosphere
  – biosphere
  – hydrosphere
  – lithosphere
  – pedosphere
  – systems
20. space science
– astronomy
– space exploration
– aeronautics
 
21. politics (government)
– elections
– corruption
– government
– philosophies
– governments of the world
– political issues
– politics by region
– political parties
22. geography
– physical
– human
– integrated
– geomatics
– regional
23. history (scientific)
– early cultures
  – africa
  – ancient near east
  – greco-roman world
  – india
  – china
– science in the middle ages
  – islamic world
  – europe
– impact of science in europe
  – age of enlightenment
  – romanticism in science
– modern science
  – physics
  – chemistry
  – geology
  – astronomy
  – biology, medicine and genetics
  – ecology
  – political science
  – linguistics
  – economics
  – psychology
  – sociology
  – anthropology
  – emerging disciplines
– academic study
  – theories and sociology of the history of science
  – the plight of many scientific innovators
 
24. languages (linguistics)
– variation and universality
  – lexicon
  – discourse
  – dialect
  – structures
  – relativity
  – style
– approach
  – generative vs. functional theories of lanaguage
  – methodology
  – analysis
  – anthropology
  – sources
– areas of research
  – historical linguistics
  – sociolinguistics
  – developmental linguistics
  – neurolinguistics
– applied
– interdisciplinary fields
  – semiotics
  – language documentation
  – translation
  – biolinguistics
  – clinical
  – computational
  – evolutionary
  – forensic
 
25. writing (fiction)
– character
– plot
– setting
– theme
– style
  – narrator
  – point of view
  – tone
  – suspension of disbelief
26. philosophy (western schools)
– ancient
– medieval
– modern
– contemporary approaches
– analytic
– continental
  – german idealism
  – phenomenology
  – existentialism
– pragmatism
  – thomism
  – marxism
– western philosophical subdisciplines
– philosophy contrasted with other disciplines
  – natural science
  – theology and religious studies
  – mathematics

10th Grade Curriculum for the 21st Century

These are my ideas for a new type of school curriculum. This is just an overview and the subjects, of course, would need to be taught in an age appropriate way, which I haven’t done here. Ideally, the student would pick from each subject what interested them.

 

10th grade
 
1. cooking
– ingredients
– methods
– health and safety
– scientific aspects
– cuisines
2. The Bible
– development
– hebrew bible
  – torah
  – nevi’im
  – ketuvim
  – original languages
– septuagint
  – incorporations from theodotion
  – final form
– christian bibles
  – old testament
  – new testament
  – development of the christian canons
– divine inspiration
– versions and translations
– views
  – other religions
  – biblical studies
  – higher criticism
– archaeological and historical research
 
3. finding a job
– resume
– networking
– referrals
– job boards and career websites
– job fairs
– company websites
– cold calling
– recruitment agencies
– temping and internships
– interview
 
4. physical health
– diet
– exercise
– sleep
– disease
5. skepticism
– legal
– philosophical
– religious
– scientific
6. multicultural theology
– apologetics
– conceptions of god
– eschatology
– existence of god
– opposition to religion
– theism
– theologies
– seminaries
 
7. sports
 
8. career paths
– assessment
– information
– counseling
– education
 
9. teaching (education)
– formal education
  – preschool
  – primary
  – secondary
  – tertiary (higher)
  – vocational
  – special
– educational forms
  – alternative
  – indigenous
  – informal learning
  – self-directed learning
  – open education and electronic technology
– development goals
  – internationalization
  – education and technology in developing countries
  – private vs public funding in developing countries
– educational theory
  – purpose of schools
  – educational psychology
  – the intelligence-education relationship
  – learning modalities
  – philosophy
  – curriculum
  – instruction
– economics of education
 
10. music (history)
– eras of music
  – prehistoric
  – ancient music
  – biblical period
  – early music
– western art music
  – medieval
  – renaissance
  – baroque
  – classical era
  – romantic
  – 20th and 21st century
– classical music outside of europe
  – byzantium
  – asia
  – india
  – china
  – middle east
  – persia
11. dance (choreography)
– ballet
– contemporary
– jazz
– hip hop
– folk
– techno
– k pop
– religious
12. television (criticism)
 
13. theater (history)
– classical and hellenistic greece
– roman
– sanskrit
– chinese
– post-classical in the west
– eastern traditions
14. film (animation)
– traditional
– stop motion
– computer
  – 2D
  – 3D
– mechanical
15. fine arts (photography)
– general concepts
– equipment
– forms of photography
– processing
– techniques
16. applied arts (architecture)
– styles
– theory
– buildings
– materials
– structural elements
17. design (fashion)
– structure
– designing a garment
– types of fashion
  – haute couture
  – ready-to-wear
  – mass market
– income
– fashion education
– areas
– world fashion industry
  – american fashion design
  – belgian
  – british
  – canadian
  – french
  – german
  – italian
  – japanese
  – chinese
  – soviet
  – swiss
– terms
 
18. computer science
– theory of computation
– information and coding theory
– algorithms and data structures
– programming language theory
– formal methods
– artificial intelligence
– architecture and engineering
– performance analysis
– graphics and visualization
– security and cryptography
– computational science
– networks
– concurrent, parallel and distributed systems
– databases
– software engineering
 
19. chemistry
– matter
  – atom
  – element
  – compound
  – molecule
  – substance and mixture
  – mole and amount of substance
– phase
– bonding
– energy
– reaction
– ions and salts
– acidity and basicity
– redox
– equilibrium
– chemical laws
20. the law
– the constitution
– criminal
– taxes
21. history (political)
– antiquity
– medieval islam
– medieval europe
– european renaissance
– european age of enlightenment
– industrialization and modern era
 
22. languages (foreign)
phonology
vocabulary
syntax
writing system
– mandarin
– spanish
– hindi
– arabic
– portuguese
– french
23. writing (journalism)

8th Grade Curriculum for the 21st Century

These are my ideas for a new type of school curriculum. This is just an overview and the subjects, of course, would need to be taught in an age appropriate way, which I haven’t done here. Ideally, the student would pick from each subject what interested them.

 

8th grade
 
1. cooking
– ingredients
– methods
– health and safety
– scientific aspects
– cuisines
2. hygiene
hands
  – washing with soap and water
  – when to wash hands
  – germs
– respiratory
  – cover your cough
  – using a tissue
– food
  – sanitizing surfaces
  – separate raw from cooked
  – cook thoroughly
  – keep food at safe temperatures
  – washing food
– water
  – clean water vs. dirty water
– kitchen
  – food storage
  – cleaning up
  – when to refrigerate
– bathroom
  – hand washing
  – taking a bath
– laundry
  – putting dirty clothes in the hamper 
– medical
  – cleaning a cut
– disinfectant
  – surfaces
– body
  – washing
  – brushing teeth
  – washing hair
  – changing clothes (dirty and clean)
  – nail trimming
  – sleep
  – don’t touch blood
  – getting a haircut
  – going to the doctor/dentist
3. physical health
– diet
– exercise
– sleep
– disease
4. self-defense
 
5. sports
 
6. woodwork
 
7. music (composing)
– chord progression
– melody
– free playing
– computer methods
– structure
8. dance (history)
– early dance
  – means of social communication and bonding
  – as folk celebrations
  – in ceremonies and rituals
  – as a method of healing
  – as a method of expression
– asia
  – indian classical dance
  – china
 europe
  – court dancing to romanticism
  – ballet to contemporary dance
  – last 20th and early 21st centuries
– 20th century american
9. television (criticism)
 
10. theater (acting)
– classical acting
– stanislavski’s system
– method acting
– meisner technique
– practical aesthetics
11. film (criticism)
 
12. fine arts (painting)
– different media (oil, acrylic, etc.)
– symbolic
– still life
– body painting
– figure painting
– illustration
– landscape
– portrait
– cityscape
14. applied arts (printmaking)
– woodcut
– engraving
– etching
– screenprinting
– digital
15. physics
– describing the nature, measuring and quantifying of bodies and their motion, dynamics etc.
  – newton’s laws of motion
  – mass, force, and weight
  – momentum and conservation of energy
  – gravity
  – energy, work, and their relationship
  – motion, position, and energy
  – different forms of energy
  – energy conservation, conversion, and transfer
  – energy source the transfer of energy from one source to work in another
– kinetic molecular theory
  – phases of matter and phase transitions
  – temperature and thermometers
  – energy and heat
  – heat flow: conduction, convection, and radiation
  – the three laws of thermodynamics
– waves and sounds
– electricity, magnetism, electromagnetism
– principles, sources, and properties of light
– basic quantities
  – acceleration
  – electric charge
  – energy
  – entropy
  – force
  – length
  – mass
  – matter
  – momentum
  – potential energy
  – space
  – temperature
  – time
  – velocity
 
16. sociology
– theoretical traditions
  – classical theory
  – 20th century social theory
– central theoretical problems
  – subjectivity and objectivity
  – structure and agency
  – synchrony and diachrony
– research methodology
  – sampling
  – methods
  – computational sociology
– scope and topics 
  – culture
  – criminality, deviance, law and punishment
  – communications and information technologies
  – economic sociology
  – education
  – environment
  – family, gender, and sexuality
  – health, illness, and the body
  – knowledge and science
  – leisure
  – peace, war, and conflict
  – political sociology
  – population and demography
  – public sociology
  – race and ethnic relations
  – religion
  – social change and development
  – social networks
  – social psychology
  – stratification, poverty and inequality
  – urban and rural sociology
  – violence
17. history (economic)
– ancient economic thought
– economic thought in the middle ages
– mercantilism and international trade
– pre-classical
– classical
– neoclassical
– alternative schools
– world wars, revolution and great depression
– austrian
– keynesianism
– chicago school
– games, evolution and growth
– post world war II and globalization
– post 2008 financial crisis
 
18. languages (english)
– phonology
  – consonants
  – vowels
  – phonotactics
  – stress, rhythm and intonation
  – regional variation
– grammar
  – nouns and noun phrases
  – verbs and verb tense
  – syntax
– vocabulary
  – word formation processes
  – word origins
  – english loanwords and calques in other languages
 
19. writing (fiction)
– character
– plot
– setting
– theme
– style
  – narrator
  – point of view
  – tone
  – suspension of disbelief
20. philosophy (political)
– ancient traditions
  – china
  – greece
  – india
– medieval christianity
  – saint augustine
  – st. thomas aquinas
– islamic golden age
  – mutazilite vs. asharite
  – ibn khaldun
– medieval europe
– european rennaissance
  – niccolo machiavelli
– european enlightenment
  – john locke
– industrialization and the modern era
– contemporary

6th Grade Curriculum for the 21st Century

These are my ideas for a new type of school curriculum. This is just an overview and the subjects, of course, would need to be taught in an age appropriate way, which I haven’t done here. Ideally, the student would pick from each subject what interested them.

 

6th grade
 
1. cooking
– ingredients
– methods
– health and safety
– scientific aspects
– cuisines
2. hygiene
hands
  – washing with soap and water
  – when to wash hands
  – germs
– respiratory
  – cover your cough
  – using a tissue
– food
  – sanitizing surfaces
  – separate raw from cooked
  – cook thoroughly
  – keep food at safe temperatures
  – washing food
– water
  – clean water vs. dirty water
– kitchen
  – food storage
  – cleaning up
  – when to refrigerate
– bathroom
  – hand washing
  – taking a bath
– laundry
  – putting dirty clothes in the hamper 
– medical
  – cleaning a cut
– disinfectant
  – surfaces
– body
  – washing
  – brushing teeth
  – washing hair
  – changing clothes (dirty and clean)
  – nail trimming
  – sleep
  – don’t touch blood
  – getting a haircut
  – going to the doctor/dentist
3. physical health
– diet
– exercise
– sleep
– disease
4. inventing
– play
– re-envision
– insight
– exploration
– improvement
5. sports
 
6. woodwork
 
7. music (playing)
– percussion
– wind instruments
– stringed instruments
– electronic instruments
8. dance (performance)
– concert dance
– latin/rhythm
– swing
– traditional jazz
– ballroom
– freestyle
– hip hop
– disco
9. theater (stage design)

10. film (filmmaking)
– initial story
– screenwriting
  – three act structure
  – the hero’s journey
  – syd field’s paradigm
  – the sequence approach
  – imagery
  – dialogue
  – plot
– casting
– shooting
  – basic terms
  – cinematography
  – lighting
  – special effects
– sound recording
– editing
  – editing techniques
– screening
11. fine arts (photography)
– general concepts
– equipment
– forms of photography
– processing
– techniques
12. applied arts (architecture)
– styles
– theory
– buildings
– materials
– structural elements
13. agronomy (agricultural science)
– producing plants
– using plants
– environmentalism
  – resources
  – energy supply
  – waste and pollution
  – habitats and species
14. earth science
– earth’s interior
– electromagnetic field
– atmosphere
– methodology
– earth’s spheres
  – atmosphere
  – biosphere
  – hydrosphere
  – lithosphere
  – pedosphere
  – systems
15. space science
– astronomy
– space exploration
– aeronautics
16. politics (government)
– elections
– corruption
– government
– philosophies
– governments of the world
– political issues
– politics by region
– political parties
 
17. history (natural)
– ancient times
– medieval
– birth of scientific biology
18. languages (foreign)
phonology
vocabulary
syntax
writing system
– mandarin
– spanish
– hindi
– arabic
– portuguese
– french
19. writing (non-fiction)
– expository (explaining or informing the reader about a certain topic)
– argumentative
  – background
  – thesis
  – 3 claims
  – evidence for each claim
  – opposing views (2)
  – refutation of 2 opposing views
  – conclusion
 opinion
  – both sides of argument
  – opinions
  – reasons for opinions
  – examples to support reasons
  – conclusions
– essay
  – introductory
  – body
  – transitions
  – conclusion
– biography
  – research
  – reading works already written about the subject
  – interviews
  – visit places significant to the subject’s life
  – explore what interested, influenced and inspired the subject
  – study the time and place of the subject’s life
  – analyzing the subject’s life
  – look for patterns
  – thesis statement
  – decide how to recount the person’s life
  – narrative
  – write
  – drafts
  – get someone to read it
  – proofread
  – title
  – sources
  – publish
– memoir
  – memories
– historical
  – outline
– scientific
20. philosophy (history)
– western
– middle eastern
– indian
– buddhist
– east asian
– african
– indigenous american

5th Grade Curriculum for the 21st Century

These are my ideas for a new type of school curriculum. This is just an overview and the subjects, of course, would need to be taught in an age appropriate way, which I haven’t done here. Ideally, the student would pick from each subject what interested them.

 

5th grade
 
1. mental health
– activity therapy
  – recreational exercise outside (hiking, tennis, etc.)
  – journaling
  – relaxation
  – arts and crafts
  – music therapy
  – camping
– expressive therapy (self expression through creative expression)
(excited, tender, scared, angry, sad, happy)
  – art
  – dance
  – drama
  – role play
  – writing
  – film based
  – poetry
  – play
  – sandplay
  – dreamwork
 
– cognitive behavioral therapy
  – thinking of problems and solutions
  – writing self-statements to counter negative thoughts
  – new opportunities to think positive thoughts
  – visualizing the best part of the day
  – learn to accept disappointment as part of life
 
– dialectical behavior therapy
  – mindfulness: observe, describe, participate
  – distress tolerance
  – emotion regulation
  – interpersonal effectiveness
 
– meditation
  – lie comfortably
  – close your eyes
  – breathe naturally
  – focus on breath
  – notice your body
  – return to your breath when your mind wanders
  – do for 2-3 minutes
2. self-defense
 
3. time management
– environment conducive to effectiveness
– setting priorities
– carrying out prioritization
– reducing time on non-priorities
– incentives to modify behavior
 
4. sports
 
5. leadership/management
– planning
– organizing
– coordinating
– commanding
– controlling
– interpersonal
– informational
– decision
6. music (listening)
– pitch and melody
– harmony and chords
– rhythm
– expression
– genres
  – african
  – asian
  – avant garde
  – blues
  – caribbean
  – country
  – easy listening
  – electronic
  – folk
  – hip hop
  – jazz
  – latin
  – pop
  – r&b soul
  – rock
7. dance (history)
– early dance
  – means of social communication and bonding
  – as folk celebrations
  – in ceremonies and rituals
  – as a method of healing
  – as a method of expression
– asia
  – indian classical dance
  – china
 europe
  – court dancing to romanticism
  – ballet to contemporary dance
  – last 20th and early 21st centuries
– 20th century american
8. theater (history)
– classical and hellenistic greece
– roman
– sanskrit
– chinese
– post-classical in the west
– eastern traditions
 
9. film (animation)
– traditional
– stop motion
– computer
  – 2D
  – 3D
– mechanical
10. fine arts (sculpture)
– stone
– metal
– glass
– pottery
– wood carving
12. chemistry
– matter
  – atom
  – element
  – compound
  – molecule
  – substance and mixture
  – amount of substance
– phase
– bonding
– energy
– reaction
– ions and salts
– acidity and basicity
– redox
– equilibrium
– chemical laws
 
13. the law
– the constitution
– criminal
– taxes
 
14. geography
– physical
– human
– integrated
– geomatics
– regional
15. languages (greek and latin roots, stems, and prefixes)
 
16. writing (fiction)
– character
– plot
– setting
– theme
– style
  – narrator
  – point of view
  – tone
  – suspension of disbelief

4th Grade Curriculum for the 21st Century

These are my ideas for a new type of school curriculum. This is just an overview and the subjects, of course, would need to be taught in an age appropriate way, which I haven’t done here. Ideally, the student would pick from each subject what interested them.

 

4th grade
 
1. hygiene
 hands
  – washing with soap and water
  – when to wash hands
  – germs
– respiratory
  – cover your cough
  – using a tissue
– food
  – sanitizing surfaces
  – separate raw from cooked
  – cook thoroughly
  – keep food at safe temperatures
  – washing food
– water
  – clean water vs. dirty water
– kitchen
  – food storage
  – cleaning up
  – when to refrigerate
– bathroom
  – hand washing
  – taking a bath
– laundry
  – putting dirty clothes in the hamper 
– medical
  – cleaning a cut
– disinfectant
  – surfaces
– body
  – washing
  – brushing teeth
  – washing hair
  – changing clothes (dirty and clean)
  – nail trimming
  – sleep
  – don’t touch blood
  – getting a haircut
  – going to the doctor/dentist
2. physical health
– diet
– exercise
– sleep
– disease
3. inventing
– play
– re-envision
– insight
– exploration
– improvement
4. sports
5. woodwork
6. music (history)
– eras of music
  – prehistoric
  – ancient music
  – biblical period
  – early music
– western art music
  – medieval
  – renaissance
  – baroque
  – classical era
  – romantic
  – 20th and 21st century
– classical music outside of europe
  – byzantium
  – asia
  – india
  – china
  – middle east
  – persia
 
7. dance (choreography)
– ballet
– contemporary
– jazz
– hip hop
– folk
– techno
– k pop
– religious
8. theater (playwriting)
– character
– plot
– setting
– theme
– style
– structure
– form
– genre
– narrator
– tense
9. fine arts (painting)
– different media (oil, acrylic, etc.)
– symbolic
– still life
– body painting
– figure painting
– illustration
– landscape
– portrait
– cityscape
10. applied arts (printmaking)
– woodcut
– engraving
– etching
– screenprinting
– digital
11. biology
– cell theory
– evolution
– genetics
– homeostasis
– energy
– structural
– physiological
– research
– systematic
– kingdoms
– ecological and environmental
12. economics
– production
– distribution
– consumption of goods and services
13. languages (english)
– phonology
  – consonants
  – vowels
  – phonotactics
  – stress, rhythm and intonation
  – regional variation
– grammar
  – nouns and noun phrases
  – verbs and verb tense
  – syntax
– vocabulary
  – word formation processes
  – word origins
  – english loanwords and calques in other languages
14. writing (journalism)

3rd Grade Curriculum for the 21st Century

These are my ideas for a new type of school curriculum. This is just an overview and the subjects, of course, would need to be taught in an age appropriate way, which I haven’t done here. Ideally, the student would pick from each subject what interested them.

 

1. gun safety
– pretend vs. real guns
– do not touch
– leave the area
– never play with a real gun
 
2. mental health
– activity therapy
  – recreational exercise outside (hiking, tennis, etc.)
  – journaling
  – relaxation
  – arts and crafts
  – music therapy
  – camping
– expressive therapy (self expression through creative expression)
(excited, tender, scared, angry, sad, happy)
  – art
  – dance
  – drama
  – role play
  – writing
  – film based
  – poetry
  – play
  – sandplay
  – dreamwork
 
– cognitive behavioral therapy
  – thinking of problems and solutions
  – writing self-statements to counter negative thoughts
  – new opportunities to think positive thoughts
  – visualizing the best part of the day
  – learn to accept disappointment as part of life
 
– dialectical behavior therapy
  – mindfulness: observe, describe, participate
  – distress tolerance
  – emotion regulation
  – interpersonal effectiveness
 
– meditation
  – lie comfortably
  – close your eyes
  – breathe naturally
  – focus on breath
  – notice your body
  – return to your breath when your mind wanders
  – do for 2-3 minutes
 
3. time management
– environment conducive to effectiveness
– setting priorities
– carrying out prioritization
– reducing time on non-priorities
– incentives to modify behavior
4. sports
 
5. music (theory)
– pitch
– scales and modes
– consonance and dissonance
– rhythm
– melody
– chord
– harmony
– timbre
  – dynamics
  – articulation
– texture
– form
– expression
– notation
 
6. dance (performance)
– concert dance
– latin/rhythm
– swing
– traditional jazz
– ballroom
– freestyle
– hip hop
– disco
7. theater (acting)
– classical acting
– stanislavski’s system
– method acting
– meisner technique
– practical aesthetics
 
8. fine arts (drawing)
– materials
  – graphite
  – charcoal
  – pastels
  – marker
  – pen
  – ink
– technique
  – holding a pencil
  – shading
  – line weight
  – checking
  – is it ever finished?
– tone
  – light and dark
– form and proportion
  – measuring
  – dots and lines
– perspective
– artistry
  – negative space
  – viewing art from artists
– process
  – motor function
  – perception
  – visual memory
9. applied arts (mixed media)
 
10. agronomy (agricultural science)
– producing plants
– using plants
– environmentalism
  – resources
  – energy supply
  – waste and pollution
  – habitats and species
11. geography
– physical
– human
– integrated
– geomatics
– regional
 
12. languages (linguistics)
– lexicon
– discourse
– dialect
– structures
– relativity
– style
 
13. writing (non-fiction)
– expository (explaining or informing the reader about a certain topic)
– argumentative
  – background
  – thesis
  – 3 claims
  – evidence for each claim
  – opposing views (2)
  – refutation of 2 opposing views
  – conclusion
 opinion
  – both sides of argument
  – opinions
  – reasons for opinions
  – examples to support reasons
  – conclusions
– essay
  – introductory
  – body
  – transitions
  – conclusion
– biography
  – research
  – reading works already written about the subject
  – interviews
  – visit places significant to the subject’s life
  – explore what interested, influenced and inspired the subject
  – study the time and place of the subject’s life
  – analyzing the subject’s life
  – look for patterns
  – thesis statement
  – decide how to recount the person’s life
  – narrative
  – write
  – drafts
  – get someone to read it
  – proofread
  – title
  – sources
  – publish
– memoir
  – memories
– historical
  – outline
– scientific

2nd Grade Curriculum for the 21st Century

These are my ideas for a new type of school curriculum. This is just an overview and the subjects, of course, would need to be taught in an age appropriate way, which I haven’t done here. Ideally, the student would pick from each subject what interested them.

 

2nd grade
 
1. physical health
– diet
– exercise
– sleep
– disease
2. self-defense
 
3. inventing
– play
– re-envision
– insight
– exploration
– improvement
4. sports
 
5. music (composing)
– chord progression
– melody
– free playing
– computer methods
– structure
 
6. dance (history)
– early dance
  – means of social communication and bonding
  – as folk celebrations
  – in ceremonies and rituals
  – as a method of healing
  – as a method of expression
– asia
  – indian classical dance
  – china
europe
  – court dancing to romanticism
  – ballet to contemporary dance
  – last 20th and early 21st centuries
– 20th century american
7. fine arts (photography)
– general concepts
– equipment
– forms of photography
– processing
– techniques
8. applied arts (architecture)
– styles
– theory
– buildings
– materials
– structural elements
9. mathematics
– quantity
– structure
– space
– change
– foundations and philosophy
– logic
– discrete
– applied
11. languages (foreign)
phonology
vocabulary
syntax
writing system
– mandarin
– spanish
– hindi
– arabic
– portuguese
– french
 
12. writing (fiction)
– character
– plot
– setting
– theme
– style
  – narrator
  – point of view
  – tone
  – suspension of disbelief

1st Grade Curriculum for the 21st Century

These are my ideas for a new type of school curriculum. This is just an overview and the subjects, of course, would need to be taught in an age appropriate way, which I haven’t done here. Ideally, the student would pick from each subject what interested them.

 

1st grade
 
1. manners
– hygiene
  – cover your mouth when sneezing
  – cover your mouth when yawning
– courtesy
  – say please and thank you
  – don’t interrupt
  – excuse me
  – ask permission
  – asking how are you?
  – knocking first
  – writing a thank you note
  – bad words
  – greet nicely
  – sharing
  – raising hands
  – no hitting
  – eat at the table
– cultural norms
  – being on time
  – privacy and personal space
  – being honest
  – waiting your turn
  – hand washing
– cultural differences (examples)
greetings in other cultures
  – bowing in japan instead of shaking hands
  – embracing in latin america instead of shaking hands
  – kissing cheeks in the mediterranean
please and excuse me
  – smiling instead in latin america
smiling
  – in asia not smiling is not rude
eye contact
  – respectful to avoid eye contact in korea
2. gun safety
– pretend vs. real guns
– do not touch
– leave the area
– never play with a real gun
3. hygiene
– hands
  – washing with soap and water
  – when to wash hands
  – germs
– respiratory
  – cover your cough
  – using a tissue
– food
  – sanitizing surfaces
  – separate raw from cooked
  – cook thoroughly
  – keep food at safe temperatures
  – washing food
– water
  – clean water vs. dirty water
– kitchen
  – food storage
  – cleaning up
  – when to refrigerate
– bathroom
  – hand washing
  – taking a bath
– laundry
  – putting dirty clothes in the hamper 
– medical
  – cleaning a cut
– disinfectant
  – surfaces
– body
  – washing
  – brushing teeth
  – washing hair
  – changing clothes (dirty and clean)
  – nail trimming
  – sleep
  – don’t touch blood
  – getting a haircut
  – going to the doctor/dentist
4. mental health
– activity therapy
  – recreational exercise outside (hiking, tennis, etc.)
  – journaling
  – relaxation
  – arts and crafts
  – music therapy
  – camping
– expressive therapy (self expression through creative expression)
(excited, tender, scared, angry, sad, happy)
  – art
  – dance
  – drama
  – role play
  – writing
  – film based
  – poetry
  – play
  – sandplay
  – dreamwork
 
– cognitive behavioral therapy
  – thinking of problems and solutions
  – writing self-statements to counter negative thoughts
  – new opportunities to think positive thoughts
  – visualizing the best part of the day
  – learn to accept disappointment as part of life
 
– dialectical behavior therapy
  – mindfulness: observe, describe, participate
  – distress tolerance
  – emotion regulation
  – interpersonal effectiveness
 
– meditation
  – lie comfortably
  – close your eyes
  – breathe naturally
  – focus on breath
  – notice your body
  – return to your breath when your mind wanders
  – do for 2-3 minutes
5. sports
 
6. leadership/management
– planning
  – deciding what needs to happen in the future
  – plans of action
– organizing
– coordinating
  – creating structure so goals can be accomplished
– commanding
  – determine what needs to be done in a situation
  – getting people to do it
– controlling
  checking progress against plans
– interpersonal
  – coordination and interaction with others
– informational
  – handling, sharing, and analyzing information
7. music (recording)
 
8. dance (choreography)
– ballet
– contemporary
– jazz
– hip hop
– folk
– techno
– k pop
– religious
 
9. theater (scenic design)
 
10. film (filmmaking)
– initial story
– screenwriting
  – three act structure
  – the hero’s journey
  – syd field’s paradigm
  – the sequence approach
  – imagery
  – dialogue
  – plot
– casting
– shooting
  – basic terms
  – cinematography
  – lighting
  – special effects
– sound recording
– editing
  – editing techniques
– screening
 
11. fine arts (sculpture)
– stone
– metal
– glass
– pottery
– wood carving
12. earth science
– earth’s interior
– electromagnetic field
– atmosphere
– methodology
– earth’s spheres
  – atmosphere
  – biosphere
  – hydrosphere
  – lithosphere
  – pedosphere
  – systems
 
13. space science
– astronomy
– space exploration
– aeronautics
 
14. languages (greek and latin roots, stems, and prefixes)
 
15. writing (journalism)

Kindergarten Curriculum for the 21st Century

These are my ideas for a new type of school curriculum. This is just an overview and the subjects, of course, would need to be taught in an age appropriate way, which I haven’t done here. Ideally, the student would pick from each subject what interested them.

 

Kindergarten
1. inventing
– play
– re-envision
– insight
– exploration
– improvement
 
2. sports
 
3. music (playing)
– percussion
– wind instruments
– stringed instruments
– electronic instruments
 
4. dance (performance)
– concert dance
– latin/rhythm
– swing
– traditional jazz
– ballroom
– freestyle
– hip hop
– disco
 
5. theater (puppetry)
 
6. film (animation)
– stop motion
  – clay
– computer
  – 2D
  – 3D
  – flipbook
  – sand
 
7. fine arts (painting)
– different media (oil, acrylic, etc.)
– symbolic
– still life
– body painting
– figure painting
– illustration
– landscape
– portrait
– cityscape
 
8. applied arts (printmaking)
– woodcut
– engraving
– etching
– screenprinting
– digital
9. agronomy (agricultural science)
– producing plants
– using plants
– environmentalism
  – resources
  – energy supply
  – waste and pollution
  – habitats and species
 
10. chemistry
– matter 
  – atom
  – element
  – compound
  – molecule
  – substance and mixture
  – amount of substance
 
11. languages (english)
– phonology
  – consonants
  – vowels
  – phonotactics
  – stress, rhythm and intonation
  – regional variation
– grammar
  – nouns and noun phrases
  – verbs and verb tense
  – syntax
– vocabulary
  – word formation processes
  – word origins
  – english loanwords and calques in other languages
 
12. writing (non-fiction)
– expository (explaining or informing the reader about a certain topic)
– argumentative
  – background
  – thesis
  – 3 claims
  – evidence for each claim
  – opposing views (2)
  – refutation of 2 opposing views
  – conclusion
opinion
  – both sides of argument
  – opinions
  – reasons for opinions
  – examples to support reasons
  – conclusions
– essay
  – introductory
  – body
  – transitions
  – conclusion
– biography
  – research
  – reading works already written about the subject
  – interviews
  – visit places significant to the subject’s life
  – explore what interested, influenced and inspired the subject
  – study the time and place of the subject’s life
  – analyzing the subject’s life
  – look for patterns
  – thesis statement
  – decide how to recount the person’s life
  – narrative
  – write
  – drafts
  – get someone to read it
  – proofread
  – title
  – sources
  – publish
– memoir
  – memories
– historical
  – outline
– scientific

 

 

Preschool Curriculum for the 21st Century

These are my ideas for a new type of school curriculum. This is just an overview and the subjects, of course, would need to be taught in an age appropriate way, which I haven’t done here. Ideally, the student would pick from each subject what interested them.
Preschool
 
1. manners
hygiene
  – cover your mouth when sneezing
  – cover your mouth when yawning
– courtesy
  – say please and thank you
  – don’t interrupt
  – excuse me
  – ask permission
  – asking how are you?
  – knocking first
  – writing a thank you note
  – bad words
  – greet nicely
  – sharing
  – raising hands
  – no hitting
  – eat at the table
– cultural norms
  – being on time
  – privacy and personal space
  – being honest
  – waiting your turn
  – hand washing
– cultural differences (examples)
greetings in other cultures
  – bowing in japan instead of shaking hands
  – embracing in latin america instead of shaking hands
  – kissing cheeks in the mediterranean
please and excuse me
  – smiling instead in latin america
smiling
  – in asia not smiling is not rude
eye contact
  – respectful to avoid eye contact in korea
2. gun safety
– pretend vs. real guns
– do not touch
– leave the area
– never play with a real gun
 
3. hygiene
– hands
  – washing with soap and water
  – when to wash hands
  – germs
– respiratory
  – cover your cough
  – using a tissue
– food
  – sanitizing surfaces
  – separate raw from cooked
  – cook thoroughly
  – keep food at safe temperatures
  – washing food
– water
  – clean water vs. dirty water
– kitchen
  – food storage
  – cleaning up
  – when to refrigerate
– bathroom
  – hand washing
  – taking a bath
– laundry
  – putting dirty clothes in the hamper 
– medical
  – cleaning a cut
– disinfectant
  – surfaces
– body
  – washing
  – brushing teeth
  – washing hair
  – changing clothes (dirty and clean)
  – nail trimming
  – sleep
  – don’t touch blood
  – getting a haircut
  – going to the doctor/dentist
4. mental health
– activity therapy
  – recreational exercise outside (hiking, tennis, etc.)
  – journaling
  – relaxation
  – arts and crafts
  – music therapy
  – camping
– expressive therapy (self expression through creative expression)
(excited, tender, scared, angry, sad, happy)
  – art
  – dance
  – drama
  – role play
  – writing
  – film based
  – poetry
  – play
  – sandplay
  – dreamwork
 
– cognitive behavioral therapy
  – thinking of problems and solutions
  – writing self-statements to counter negative thoughts
  – new opportunities to think positive thoughts
  – visualizing the best part of the day
  – learn to accept disappointment as part of life
 
– dialectical behavior therapy
  – mindfulness: observe, describe, participate
  – distress tolerance
  – emotion regulation
  – interpersonal effectiveness
 
– meditation
  – lie comfortably
  – close your eyes
  – breathe naturally
  – focus on breath
  – notice your body
  – return to your breath when your mind wanders
  – do for 2-3 minutes
5. sports
 
6. music (listening to different styles of music)
– pitch and melody
– harmony and chords
– rhythm
– expression
– genres
  – african
  – asian
  – avant garde
  – blues
  – caribbean
  – country
  – easy listening
  – electronic
  – folk
  – hip hop
  – jazz
  – latin
  – pop
  – r&b soul
  – rock
 
7. fine arts (drawing)
– materials
  – graphite
  – charcoal
  – pastels
  – marker
  – pen
  – ink
– technique
  – holding a pencil
  – shading
  – line weight
  – checking
  – is it ever finished?
– tone
  – light and dark
– form and proportion
  – measuring
  – dots and lines
– perspective
– artistry
  – negative space
  – viewing art from artists
– process
  – motor function
  – perception
  – visual memory
 
8. applied arts (mixed media)
9. biology
– cell theory
– evolution
– genetics
– homeostasis
– energy
– structural
– physiological
– research
– systematic
– kingdoms
– ecological and environmental
 
10. languages (linguistics)
– phonetics
– phonology
– morphology
– syntax
– semantics
– pragmatics
– discourse analysis
– stylistics
– semiotics
 
11. writing (fiction)
– character
– plot
– setting
– theme
– style
  – narrator
  – point of view
  – tone
  – suspension of disbelief

Prison reform: Apparently it’s a bad idea to put everyone in jail?

The U.S. has a problem.

Um, everyone is in jail.

WorldIncarceration

Oops, we imprisoned everyone.

How did this happen? What caused it?

Well, let’s look at the historical data.

ImprisonmentRate

(Source)

More people have been incarcerated since 1980 than ever before in U.S. history, and if this policy worked, you would think we would have a lower homicide rate that correlates.

HomicideRate

(Source)

But it doesn’t correlate.

Here is an overlay of the two for better comparison.

PrisonOverlay

Despite the dramatic rise of incarceration rates since 1980, it was a whole decade later, not until 1990, that it took for homicide rates to go down.

I chose homicide rates instead of say, violent crime rates because it is a better indicator of crime than property theft or all criminal activity combined. People tend to report murder and there is better documentation of that particular crime than something like domestic violence or rape.

Who is in prison?

incarcerationdemographics

 

  • Black men make up only 13% of the US population, but constitute 40% of prisoners. (Source, Source)
  • In contrast, white men make up 64% of the US population, but make up 39% of the incarcerated population. (SourceSource)
  • Men make up 50% of the population and yet, they are 82% of prisoners. (Source)
  • 64% of jail inmates have a mental health problem (Source)

 

What crimes are being committed?

crimebyoffense

Overwhelmingly, violent crime is the #1 reason for imprisonment.

What can be done to reform prisons?

  1. Rehabilitate the prisoner
  2. Make sliding scale bail

1. Rehabilitate the prisoner

In a 20 year study on prisoner rehabilitation, evidence was shown that a program of “cognitive behavioral therapy,” reduced recidivism rates in prisoners. The findings are as follows:

  • Without treatment, 82% returned to prison
  • With treatment, 61% returned to prison

With treatment we see a drop of 21% in recidivism rates. (Source)

What is cognitive behavioral therapy?

Briefly, CBT is changing your unhelpful or dysfunctional thought patterns in order to reduce negative or unwanted actions or emotions. Healthy thought patterns are taught to the client, as well as effective emotional regulation skills. The idea is that when thoughts are changed, behaviors and emotions follow.

For example:

Rob has a problem with how to effectively manage his anger. His girlfriend made a comment he perceived as offensive, so he punched a hole in the wall of their home. Rob feels terrible about scaring his wife and damaging the house.

Rob sees his therapist who suggests they do a “behavioral experiment.” Next Rob gets angry, the therapist suggests he physically leave the room, and try to distract himself from thinking about what he is so angry about, until he feels calmer. Then, at his next session, he compares how the experiment went.

Next session, Rob comes in and he explains that he carried out the behavioral experiment when his wife upset him again. He explains that when he got angry, he left the room and played solitaire on the computer until he calmed down. Then he returned to his wife, and while he did raise his voice, he did not resort to violence this time.

The therapist asks him how the experimental behavior went compared to his status quo reaction to anger. He admits that it went much better in the experimental condition because he didn’t feel regret that he had gotten violent or scared his wife. The therapist asks if he would give the technique a try again next time. He agrees that he would be open to trying the experiment again in the future.

This is a very simplified example, but it provides an idea of what cognitive behavioral therapy might look like in a particular instance.

Rehabilitation is not without controversy though. Many people find it morally wrong to offer easy access to mental health care for prisoners, when non-prisoners don’t get the same benefit.

I have a few things to say about that.

For one, I think everyone should have easier access to mental healthcare, prisoner or not. That is a failing of government as well as our culture as whole. $23,000 is spent per prisoner on incarceration facilities, per year. Over the past 20 years, this spending has increased and outpaced spending on essential government services such as education and public assistance. (Source) It begs the question, if we spent the money being funneled into prisons on non-prisoner social services, would we see a decrease in crime rates?

We don’t have an answer to that because it hasn’t been done, but isn’t it worth trying something other than continuing the status quo?

2. Make sliding scale bail

Bail as it is currently being utilized discriminates against the impoverished.

For example:

James allegedly possessed cocaine and is in jail awaiting trial. His bail is set at $25,000. Luckily, James has his own paper business and has enough money to pay some of the bail, which makes him less of a credit risk to the bail bondsman that gets him out. He can also pay back the bond because he has a high enough income.

Chris is not so fortunate. He also allegedly possessed cocaine and is in jail awaiting trial. His bail is also set at $25,000. The problem is though, Chris works as a temporary laborer and only has $500 to his name. The bail bondsman is less likely to give him the full bond considering his employment is spotty, he doesn’t have very much up front cash, and he is a high credit risk. He’s also unsure if he will ever be able to pay back the $25,000 to the bondsman anyway. Chris has little choice and stays in jail until his trial begins.

People like Chris make up an overwhemingly large percentage of those imprisoned. In New York city alone, 31% of non-felony defendants stay in jail because they cannot post the $500 bail. (Source)

After getting out of jail, people like Chris are less likely to be able to find a job or keep the one they had. Employers don’t tend to want to hire people who have a criminal record. It also difficult to find housing because of the same reason. This increases the likelihood that the ex-prisoner, guilty or not, is going to end up homeless.

Another thought I couldn’t find much research on was, does going to prison make an otherwise functional citizen more likely to commit crime?

My intuition tells me that it does. Prisons are more likely to breed violence or abuse and I have a hard time believing a person is not negatively impacted by that. I imagine going to prison is a trauma and like most people who experience trauma, there are repercussions. I think people coming out of any abusive environment are at higher risk of becoming abusive themselves.

If people like Chris were given a reduced bail, according to their income level, he would be less likely to be at risk for committing criminal acts because he would spend less time in the highly mentally disruptive prison environment.

Bail was originally supposed to exist to reduce the likelihood that someone was a flight risk by exchanging their money for their freedom before their trial. Presently, it allows people with money who are dangerous to be set free and those with less money who are not dangerous to be imprisoned, as well as, potentially creating more prisoners out of those who are jailed and poor, but innocent of their crime.

Greatest Movies of All Time

This is a compilation of 10 lists of the Greatest Movies of All Time. The scale is from 1-7, the ones that are tied are not in any particular order.

the godfather 7
citizen kane 7
on the waterfront 7
chinatown 7
singin in the rain 7
annie hall 7
taxi driver 7
schindler’s list 6
raging bull 6
casablanca 6
one flew over the cuckoo’s nest 6
gone with the wind 6
the wizard of oz 6
sunset blvd. 6
some like it hot 6
dr. strangelove 6
apocalpse now 6
to kill a mockingbird 6
jaws 6
pulp fiction 6
north by northwest 6
all about eve 6
lawrence of arabia 5
psycho 5
the godfather part II 5
vertigo 5
star wars 5
2001: a space odyssey 5
the bridge on the river kwai 5
it’s a wonderful life 5
the best years of our lives 5
a clockwork orange 5
goodfellas 5
the deer hunter 5
city lights 5
it happened one night 5
fargo 5
the grapes of wrath 5
the maltese falcon 5
the shawshank redemption 4
forrest gump 4
E.T. the extra terrestrial 4
amadeus 4
ben-hur 4
gladiator 4
raiders of the lost ark 4
rocky 4
a streetcar named desire 4
the philadelphia story 4
butch cassidy and the sundance kid 4
the apartment 4
high noon 4
mr. smith goes to washington 4
the graduate 4
double indemnity 4
rear window 4
the third man 4
modern times 4
the gold rush 4
blade runner 4
west side story 3
the lord or the rings: the return of the king 3
saving private ryan 3
unforgiven 3
an american in paris 3
braveheart 3
platoon 3
bonnie and clyde 3
midnight cowboy 3
close encounters of the third kind 3
network 3
the african queen 3
star wars: episode V – the empire strikes back 3
seven samurai 3
the silence of the lambs 3
the shining 3
american beauty 3
the general 3
rebecca 3
the wages of fear 3
the princess bride 3
roman holiday 3
the night of the hunter 3
toy story 3
the sound of music 2
doctor zhivago 2
the good, the bad, and the ugly 2
the treasure of the sierra madre 2
the pianist 2
all quiet on the western front 2
the french connection 2
tootsie 2
shane 2
the green mile 2
the great dictator 2
wuthering heights 2
rebel without a cause 2
frankenstein 2
yankee doodle dandy 2
the dark knight 2
fight club 2
the lord of the rings: the fellowship of the ring 2
inception 2
the matrix 2
se7en 2
the usual suspects 2
life is beautiful 2
leon: the professional 2
once upon a time in the west 2
back to the future 2
whiplash 2
memento 2
the lion king 2
alien 2
the lives of others 2
cinema paradiso 2
paths of glory 2
wall-e 2
aliens 2
M 2
reservoir dogs 2
amelie 2
requiem for a dream 2
toy story 3 2
eternal sunshine for the spotless mind 2
the sting 2
toy story 2
monty python and the holy grail 2
l.a. confidential 2
rashomon 2
a separation 2
metropolis 2
the treasure of the sierra madre 2
good will hunting 2
die hard 2
pan’s labyrinth 2
the big lebowski 2
cool hand luke 2
how to train your dragon 2
finding nemo 2
there will be blood 2
the 400 blows 2
persona 2
the grand budapest hotel 2
touch of evil 2
jurassic park 2
8 1/2 2
the terminator 2
groundhog day 2
la haine 2
the battle of algiers 2
dog day afternoon 2
beauty and the beast 2
king kong 2
snow white and the seven dwarves 2
stagecoach 2
the wild bunch 2
the searchers 2
who’s afraid of virginia woolf? 2
from here to eternity 1
titanic 1
my fair lady 1
patton 1
a place in the sun 1
giant 1
nashville 1
american graffiti 1
mutiny on the bounty 1
the lord of the rings: the two towers 1
star wars: episode IV – a new hope 1
city of god 1
spirited away 1
american history x 1
interstellar 1
the intouchables 1
rear window 1
terminator 2: judgement day 1
the departed 1
the prestige 1
django unchained 1
grave of the fireflies 1
the dark knight rises 1
princess mononoke 1
oldboy 1
once upon a time in america 1
das boot 1
star wars: episode VI – return of the jedi 1
witness for the prosecution 1
full metal jacket 1
bicycle thieves 1
snatch 1
inglourious basterds 1
the kid 1
for a few dollars more 1
indiana jones and the last crusade 1
scarface 1
yojimbo 1
batman begins 1
the hunt 1
3 idiots 1
the third man 1
inside out 1
the great escape 1
heat 1
my neighbor totoro 1
ran 1
ikiru 1
the secret in their eyes 1
the seventh seal 1
sunrise 1
lock, stock and two smoking barrels 1
howl’s moving castle 1
the message
wild strawberries 1
casino 1
the elephant man 1
warrior 1
the wolf of wall street 1
zootopia 1
judgment at nuremberg 1
a beautiful mind 1
v for vendetta 1
gran torino 1
incendies 1
trainspotting 1
dial m for murder 1
the sixth sense 1
the thing 1
no country for old men 1
into the wild 1
mary and max 1
gone girl 1
kill bill: vol. 1 1
rush 1
life of brian 1
hotel rwanda 1
stand by me 1
shutter island 1
in the name of the father 1
12 years a slave 1
amores perros 1
million dollar baby 1
hachi: a dog’s tale 1
nausicaa of the valley of the wind 1
stalker 1
gandhi 1
diabolique 1
the bourne ultimatum 1
before sunrise 1
donnie darko 1
the truman show 1
memories of murder 1
monsters, inc. 1
twelve monkeys 1
harry potter and the deathly hallows: part 2 1
sin city 1
strangers on a train 1
internal affairs 1
barry lyndon 1
prisoners 1
ip man 1
fanny and alexander 1
the imitation game 1
the avengers 1
guardians of the galaxy 1
the help 1
the king’s speech 1
a fistful of dollars 1
castle in the sky 1
in the mood for love 1
lagaan: once upon a time in india 1
the birth of a nation 1
fantasia 1
the manchurian candidate 1
duck soup 1
easy rider 1
bringing up baby 1
the hustler 1
tokyo story 1
mean streets 1
a star is born 1
the celebration 1
rosemary’s baby 1
boyhood 1
the adventures of robin hood 1
the bride of frankenstein 1
mary poppins 1
notorious 1
the big sleep 1

Greatest TV Shows of All Time

This is a compilation of 10 lists of Greatest TV Shows of All Time. The scale is from 1-9, the ones that are tied are not in any particular order.

The Sopranos 9

The Simpsons 9
Breaking Bad 8
The Wire 8
Battlestar Galactica 8
Friends 7
X-Files 7
Seinfeld 7
Mad Men 7
Lost 7
Arrested Development 7
Twin Peaks 7
The Shield 7
24 7
Game of Thrones 6
The West Wing 6
South Park 6
Star Trek 6
I Love Lucy 5
Buffy the Vampire Slayer 5
Six Feet Under 5
Curb Your Enthusiasm 5
Monty Python’s Flying Circus 5
Deadwood 5
Saturday Night Live 4
Sex and the City 4
MASH 4
The Twilight Zone 4
The Office 4
All in the Family 4
The Dick Van Dyke Show 4
Freaks and Geeks 4
Star Trek: The Next Generation 4
Doctor Who 4
Homicide: Life on the Street 4
The Office (UK) 4
Modern Family 3
The Mary Tyler Moore Show 3
House of Cards 3
Cheers 3
ER 3
Sherlock (U.K.) 3
Dexter 3
Friday Night Lights 3
Fraiser 3
The Carol Burnett Show 3
Downton Abbey 3
The Good Wife 3
Roseanne 3
Hill Street Blues 3
House 3
Taxi 3
Firefly 3
Alfred Hitchcock Presents 3
Sesame Street 3
The Bob Newhart Show 3
Fawlty Towers 3
The Daily Show 3
The Larry Sanders Show 3
My So-Called Life 3
Band of Brothers 3
Louie 3
The Walking Dead 2
Orange Is the New Black 2
Parks and Recreation 2
The Muppet Show 2
The Golden Girls 2
True Detective 2
Law & Order 2
Scrubs 2
Everybody Loves Raymond 2
The Cosby Show 2
Gunsmoke 2
The Honeymooners 2
I, Claudius 2
Late Night with David Letterman 2
The Prisoner 2
Roots 2
St. Elsewhere 2
Your Show of Shows 2

Futurama 2
Blackadder 2
Homeland 2
Red Dwarf 2
Justified 2
Fargo 2
Hannibal 2
Boardwalk Empire 2
30 Rock 1
Will & Grace 1
The Big Bang Theory 1
Homeland 1
Veep 1
Orphan Black 1
Gilmore Girls 1
The Wonder Years 1
Murphy Brown 1
Family Guy 1
Moonlighting 1
Entourage 1
Married… With Children 1
It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia 1
The Rockford Files 1
Family Ties 1
American Idol 1
Dallas 1
Mystery Science Theater 3000 1
The Odd Couple 1
The Oprah Winfrey Show 1
Playhouse 90 1
60 Minutes 1
Soap 1
Survivor 1
The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson 1
The Andy Griffith Show 1
Columbo 1
NYPD Blue 1
Barney Miller 1
The Peep Show 1
The Colbert Report 1
Lonesome Dove 1
Frozen Planet 1
Only Fools and Horses… 1
Code Geass: Lelouch of the Rebellion R2 1
Top Gear 1
Archer 1
Daredevil 1
Black Mirror 1
Spaced 1
The People v. O.J. Simpson: American Crime Story 1
Silicon Valley 1
Broad City 1
Southland 1
Extras 1
Prison Break 1
Broadchurch 1
Life on Mars 1

List of tax breaks in America

I went through the IRS website and collected this list of things you can write off on your taxes for fun. This is to help poor people only. Rich people move along. We need your money really, really bad.

ALSO I AM NOT A CPA THIS IS NOT LEGAL ADVICE STOP IT!!!!

Moving

 – cost of storage
 – plane ticket
 – moving company
 – baggage fees
Business
 – baggage fees
 – utility bills
 – rent
 – if you get a new laptop
 – percentage of the time you use your laptop and the cost of it
 – office supplies
 – 50% of meals dining out with clients
 – 50% of meals dining out alone when traveling for business
 – entertainment with clients
 – cell phone but only business calls in your phone bill
 – percentage of the size of your house you use for business
 – if you worked fewer hours than last year
 – your website costs
 – tech supplies
 – interest on your credit card
 – interest on loans (car loan, percentage I use it for business like dropping you off at the airport, taking clients out, etc.)
 – accountant fees
 – bank fees
 – education expenses
 – training expenses
 – subscriptions to trade or professional publications
 – tax preparer fees
 – state income tax
 – ordinary expenses related to your trade
 – any transportation (train, bus, airplane, lyft, uber)
 – any lodging (hotels)
 – tips
 – business start up costs
 – research
 – advertising
 – books
 – licenses
 – computer software (even open source)
 – online services
 – subcontractors
 – shipping
 – postage
 – airplane but not the first day of travel
 – conventions
 – consulting fees
 – internet hosting and services
Investment
 – when you reinvest in any kind of fund (dividends)
 – interest
 – pension plan contributions
Other
 – charitable contributions
 – sales tax (electronics, furniture, engagement ring/wedding bands, a wedding, car)
 – advice and fees

Why are teachers paid so little when athletes make so much?

Teachers see us, sometimes, more than our own parents when we’re growing up. Day in, and day out, they get up at the crack of dawn, and begin arranging their classrooms, preparing for standardized testing, and writing lesson plans. This also includes administrative and teachers’ meetings. Then they teach for 8 hours or more. This is the part we see. But their work doesn’t end there. In the afternoons, some teachers work to help with extracurricular activities. Then stay late into the evening working too, returning emails, doing administrative tasks, and dealing with sometimes difficult children, and sometimes even more difficult parents. And their nights at home and weekends are consumed with grading papers, and preparing for the next day’s lesson.

I’ve never met a teacher who wasn’t completely overworked.

So why do we pay teachers so poorly, but athletes make so much?

Well, let’s dive into some data.

How much do teachers really make compared to athletes?

TeacherSalary

Teachers make a median salary of (except special education) of $51,640. All occupations in the US economy make a median income of $36,200. But what does “all occupations” mean? Does that include part time workers or only full time workers? I couldn’t find that information anywhere, but I assume it means part time as well as full time because when I looked up the median income in the US, meaning, (how much the largest amount of people are making), working full time median income in the US is $51,939. (Source)

How can that be? If this were the case, teachers would be making pretty close to the US median. Well, they are. Myth busted. In the US, that’s a solid middle class salary. BUT the BLS statistics don’t include real numbers of hours worked versus actual salary received.

Maybe we can find the answer if we look to the actual number of hours teachers put into the job per week.

In a Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation survey, teachers were polled on the number of hours they work daily. The average was 10 hours and 40 minutes a day. That’s 53 hours a week. If that’s the case, that means teachers’ real wages are $18.74/hour or, approximately $39,000/year. Because teachers are only paid for the times they are at school, not hourly, the salary appears higher than it actually is. The number of hours worked lowers the salary.

Some might say this measure is cheating the system. I actually find it to be more accurate. If you work more hours for the same salary, it makes sense to me that that should be included data in what your real salary is.

Job growth for teachers is approximately 6%. The median amount of job growth across all occupations in the country is 6.5%. This means that the job growth is just keeping up with the growing population. (Source)

And now we have our second answer, possibly the bigger answer.

Supply and demand. There are more teachers in the economy than are needed in the workforce. Sorry, but this is what the data says.

SupplyDemandLabor

(Source)

How does that work? 

Using the graph above for reference, allow me to use an example. Say I’m a receptionist. In this make believe economy, there are 215 available labor hours for receptionists in the economy needed by employers. Some employers are willing to pay a little more for better workers, some employers are willing to pay a little less, maybe they can only afford that, or maybe they think that’s what receptionists should be paid and they don’t really care about attracting the best workers, they just want the job done. After a while, an equilibrium will be reached. The average wage settles around $15/hour because that’s as little as receptionists are willing to work for, and employers are willing to pay. If employers offered $14/hour, I wouldn’t go work for them when I know other employers are going to pay $15/hour. That $14/hour employer has less of a good labor pool to choose from. This employer has a labor shortage. But say there’s an employer willing to pay $16/hour. There are more applications coming in for that job, and that employer gets to have his pick of the litter. This employer has a labor surplus.

The average, the standard for receptionists, settles to $15/hour per 215 billion labor hours available. This equilibrium, in this perfect, theoretical economy, means all the employers who want receptionists have them, and all the people wanting to be receptionists have jobs. The job growth keeps up with the population and economic growth.

On a macro level, if we generalize this to teachers, if teachers were overpaid, there would be more demand to become a teacher and less jobs to go around for the number of people who want to be teachers. This would cause the wage to go down for teachers until it reaches the equilibrium. Schools could pay their teachers less, the more teachers are knocking down their doors to becoming teachers.

The opposite would be a labor shortage. If there were too many seats available to become teachers, and not enough teachers applying or going to school to become teachers, schools would raise their offered salaries. This is because it causes a greater likelihood that people will apply to become teachers or go to school to become teachers, knowing there’s more money in it. Wouldn’t you rather take a job that paid more than a job that paid less?

I do have some good news, though. I have a hypothesis that teachers will get paid more in the future. I predict a teacher shortage as more and more baby boomers retire. This is because the majority of teachers, 39.4% have worked over 15 years, on average. This, combined with fertility rates stabilizing in the US, will most likely create a lot of open seats as far as opportunities for teachers looking to enter the workforce, causing the wage to go up in order to attract more workers.

The baby boomers retiring is going to change the population in the US that are contributing to social security, taking social security, and the availability of jobs. Especially in 2025, when the height of the baby boom will reach the age of 65. In 2010, we saw our first spike in the number of retirees, who turned 65 that year since the first spike in population during WWII.

USFertility

(Source)

What about athletes? Why do they make so much more than teachers?

Well, they actually don’t. In fact, they make less.

AthletesPay

Compare this with the median salary a teacher makes of $51,640. It is about $6,000 less than teachers make. Another busted myth.

However, athletes see the same job growth rate as teachers, 6%. (Source) Also, only 1 in 3,000 high school athletes make it into the professional industry.

What about star athletes?

This combined with the physical demands of the job, cause the highest paid workers, major league professionals to be paid higher. They have a unique, highly specialized skills that allows them to be more in demand, and higher paid as a result.

Careers are also cut short, the average athlete only being in commission for a few years before injury takes them out of the industry, or retirement.

The number of jobs in athletics was only 13,700 versus 1,517,400 for teachers.

Another reason teachers are paid more than athletes on average, is because being an athlete doesn’t require a degree at all, while teachers require at least a bachelor’s degree in order to get a job in teaching.

Cool general information.

Fastest growing occupations

FastestGrowingJobs

(Source)

Fastest declining jobs

DecliningJobs

Highest paid occupations

HighestPaidOccupations

Lowest paid occupations

LowestPaid

If you notice, the lowest paid jobs require the least education, and the highest paid occupations require much more education and have the most highly specialized work.

Top paid occupations

  1. Physicians
  2. Surgeons
  3. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons
  4. Internists
  5. Obstetricians and gynecologists

Lowest paid occupations

  1. Food preparation and serving workers
  2. Shampooers
  3. Cooks in fast food
  4. Dishwashers
  5. Dining room and cafeteria attendants, and bartender helpers

Should the physicians make less than food preparation and serving workers? Both are certainly hard work. But this is more of a moral question than a scientific one.

The best treatment for mental health distress we have to date

A word on the DSM and it’s credibility: It is my opinion, as someone actually at a university who is studying mental health care, is that there is scientific evidence being incorporated more and more into the DSM. But, diagnosis in general is considered by many, past and present day, in the mental health industry as possibly unnecessary, and possibly even damaging.

For example, regardless of if you have schizophrenia or not, regardless of if it’s mostly genetic, the treatment that is most effective doesn’t drastically change. Cognitive behavioral therapy has the most research behind it, and has now been shown to be more effective than medication for a long, exhaustive list of disorders.

Here is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in a simple, easy to understand visual. Although it includes a vast array of techniques, this is a good 101.

CBTgraphic

(Source)

Basically, boiled down for time, everything affects everything. An event happens > followed by thoughts > followed by emotions, behavior, and physical reactions. So the thinking is, you can’t control the situation, but you can alter your thoughts. And thinking alternative, evidence based thoughts, actually tends to make people healthier. This reduces the negative emotions, behaviors, and physical reactions that result from the event and the thoughts.

CBT is solution focused and action oriented. Instead of looking for unconscious meaning behind behaviors and diagnosis, Behaviorism (part of CBT) thinks of something for example, depression, as a connection between a feared stimulus, an avoidance response. This results in a conditioned fear. Cognitive therapists think conscious thoughts influence behavior. The Cognitive and Behaviorist approach were combined to create what we now call Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. (Source)

What are some CBT techniques?

Some coping skills that are taught in CBT are challenging or debating patterns and beliefs, and replacing them with healthier patterns and beliefs.

For example, some unhealthy thoughts might be overgeneralizing, looking for evidence of the negative only, minimizing positives, and catastrophizing. Coming up with more realistic explanations or cognitions decreases emotions distress and self-defeating behavior. (Source)

Other techniques are distraction, imagery, motivational self-talk, relaxation, minimizing negative or self-defeating thoughts, slow exposure to anxiety-provoking events, and goal setting.

This causes cognitive restructuring. The brain has neuroplasticity and can change. CBT actually modifies the neural circuits involved in regulation of negative emotions and fear extinction. It is able to change dysfunctions of the nervous system. This was discovered using neuroimaging techniques on neurobiological changes related to CBT before and after treatment. (Source)

These are some of the condition CBT has shown to be effective for:

  1. mood
  2. anxiety
  3. personality
  4. eating
  5. addiction
  6. dependence
  7. tics
  8. psychotic disorders
  9. schizophrenia
  10. fibromyalgia
(Lambert MJ, Bergin AE, Garfield SL (2004). “Introduction and Historical Overview”. In Lambert MJ. Bergin and Garfield’s Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change (5th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 3–15)

CBT in the short term is equivalent in effectiveness as medication. Long term, it is superior to medication. In a meta-analysis (comparison of many studies), after 16 weeks of treatment, 58.3% of patients felt relief from depression, versus 57.5% for the antidepressant. Later, medication patients were switched to placebo over the course of 12 months. The CBT group discontinued therapy except for 3 “booster sessions” over the course of the same 12 months. After 1 year, 76% of patients on the placebo relapsed into depression, while only 31% of CBT clients relapsed into depression. (Hollon SD et al, Arch Gen Psychiatry 2005;62(4):417–422)

What causes autism and what is the most effective treatment?

First of all, how does autism manifest?

Behavioral: inappropriate social interaction, poor eye contact, compulsive behavior, impulsivity, repetitive movements, self-harm, or persistent repetition of words or actions
Developmental: learning disability or speech delay in a child
Cognitive: intense interest in a limited number of things or problem paying attention
Psychological: unaware of others’ emotions or depression
Also common: anxiety, change in voice, sensitivity to sound, or tic

Autism rates have been going up since we first started diagnosing it as autism.

AutismPrevalence

Why is this?

Initially, we want to say it’s because something is causing it to grow in number. Which might be true, might not be true, there is still research being done on the topic. But something that is interesting to note is diagnosis has changed since 1975.

What is the DSM and who writes it?

The DSM was originally created from collecting census and psychiatric hospital statistics, as well as a United States Army manual.

However, it is controversial.

The National Institute of Mental Health criticizes the manual as being unscientific and subjective. They state that the DSM has a lack of reliability because unlike physical symptoms such as heart disease or AIDS, the measures are on a consensus of clinical symptoms and not any objective laboratory measure. “In the rest of medicine, this would be equivalent to creating diagnostic systems based on the nature of chest pain or the quality of fever.

More and more, psychologists are finding the “biopsychosocial model” to be a more accurate representation of mental distress. The idea is that there are more than just a hand full of superficial criterion that make up mental health. It used to be that biology was considered the biggest factor at play, but these days, with all of the newest research coming out, we are finding that it’s more complex than that, and many, many factors contribute to it.

Here are some examples

BioPsychoSocial

(Source)

The DSM, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, which is published by the American Psychological Association, is the Bible to the medical community. It is used to diagnose mental disorders.

And it’s changed over time.

DSM-I (1952) Autism-like symptoms were first classified as, “childhood schizophrenic“.

DSM-II (1968) The diagnostic criteria for childhood schizophrenic became broadened to include, “autistic, atypical, and withdrawn behavior.”

DSM-III (1980) “Infantile autism” was now included. Only 6 characteristics were listed and all must have been present in order to receive the diagnosis. “These changes in the field yielded a rapid increase in the number of individuals being diagnosed with autism” (Factor, Freeman, & Kardash, 1989)

DSM-IV (1994) Subtypes were added to the autism diagnosis. It grew from 6 to 16 symptoms and only 6 were needed for diagnosis. Now “qualitative impairment of social interaction” was included. It also included repetitive behavior, an impairment in communication. Onset must have been prior to age 3 though.

Here are other symptoms that were listed:

  1. lack of social or emotional reciprocity
  2. stereotyped and repetitive use of language or idiosyncratic lanaguage
  3. persistent preoccupation with parts of objects.

DSM-5 (2013) Asperger’s Syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified, which were previously considered as part of the autism spectrum, were removed.

Now, in order for diagnosis, a person must show all symptoms of social interaction and communication impairment, and additionally, 2 signs of repetitive behavior.

Asperger’s Syndrome has also been added under the umbrella of the autism spectrum.

So this is at least part of the responsibility for why incidence of autism have gone up. The diagnostic criteria has changed to become more broad. It’s not clear in the research if autism prevalence is also going up besides diagnostic criteria changing.

A word on the DSM and it’s credibility: It is my opinion, as someone actually at a university, who is studying mental health care, there is scientific evidence being incorporated more and more into the DSM. But, diagnosis in general is considered by many, past and present day, in the mental health industry as possibly unnecessary, and possibly even damaging.

For example, regardless of if you have autism or asperger’s, regardless of it being genetic, the treatment that is most effective doesn’t drastically change. Applied Behavioral Analysis has been shown to be more most effective, and the sooner the treatment is received, the better.

The most effective treatment for autism: Applied Behavioral Analysis

Specifically the Lovaas model, is a type of Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI) created by a psychology professor at UCLA. It incolved breaking down skills to their basic components, rewarding positive performance with praise and reinforcers, and then generalizing skills in a natural setting. The results are gaining language, academic, and basic living skills, while some children can even fully recover!

Applied behavioral analysis includes this model as well as data collection and replacement behavior strategies in order to understand and change behavior.

The evidence for effectiveness

EffectivenessOfABA

As you can see in the graph above, Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention has been shown to be superior to the control group of children who did not receive the treatment. In 47% of children receiving the treatment for an average of 40 hours a week, they were placed in regular classroom and considered, “indistinguishable” from their peers in follow-up studies.

The unfortunate part of this highly effective treatment is that the estimated cost for 40 hours of treatment a week is about $4,000 a month, with an average yearly cost of $40,000. However, many, many healthcare providers providing a sliding scale payment system based on the income of the family coming in for services.

Now. The biggest question we all have. What causes autism?

Just like the biopsychosocial model, there is not one cause of autism.

  1. It seems to be mostly genetic. It tends to run in families, or the families have related disabilities. It is not a single gene that contributes, and scientists and researchers are currently looking for irregular segments of genetic code. Genetics is currently considered the most significant cause of autism spectrum disorders. Studies of identical twins have shown heritability to be 90%. However, most cases of ASD have no recent evidence of family history

GenetisADS

(Source)

2. Brain shape and structure. Brain scans have shown a different shape and structure of the brain than neurotypical children.

3. Certain medical conditions such as fragile X syndrome (found in 20% of boys with autism), tuberus sclerosis, congenital rubella syndrom, and phenylketonuria.

4. Some ingested harmful substances during pregnancy.

5. De novo copy number variation (CNV) is when deletions and duplication occurs in DNA. This gene has been shown to contribute to 5-10% of cases of ASD.

6. Coding protein mutations are observed in approximately 20% of individuals with autism.

7. Age of the father, because sperm and eggs tend to mutate and wear down as they age. Chromosomal abnormalities also increase with age. ASD children of men over 40 years or older were 5.75 times more likely to have ASD after controlling for year of birth, socioeconomic status, and maternal age. Maternal age was not found to be associated with ASD, but is associated with chromosomal abnormalities.

Egg abnormalities increase with age 

EggAbnormalities

(Source)

MenBirthDefects

(Source)

8. Prenatal causes: in a meta-analysis of 40 studies, it has been connected that autism is also contributed to pregnancy such as diabetes, bleeding, psychiatric drugs, and stress.

9. Out of all the non-genetic factors for infectious processes, prenatal viral infection seems to be the principal cause of autism. Exposure to rubella or cytomegalovirus are viruses that activate the mother’s immune response and greatly increases the risk for autism, as well as schizophrenia. If this happens earlier in pregnancy, the chances increase.

10. Fetal testosterone levels in amniotic fluid have exhibited in several reports to be a contributor. This may also explain why boys are more likely to develop ASD than girls. One hypothesis is that it moves brain development closer to ability to see patterns, analyze complex systems, and diminishes communication and empathy. These behaviors are shown in individuals with autism.

11. Lead blood levels are significantly higher in autistic children than neurotypical children, some think this is what leads autistic children to develop pica, eating things such as chalk, glue, or dirt. However, it is not known for sure.

Things that do not cause autism

  1. Vaccines. Study after study after study has not proven a single connection between vaccines and autism. One or two particular studies showed a correlation but they were debunked, and the people who made the studies had their medical licenses taken away for fraud. Most children are diagnosed with autism around the same age that vaccines are introduced, leading parents to believe the vaccine is the cause of ASD. There is no sound evidence of this.
  2. Mother’s age is not correlated with autism.
  3. Ultrasounds
  4. Other things that do not cause autism: gastrointestinal (even though autistic children are more likely to have GI symptoms than atypical children) or immune system abnormalities, “vaccine overload”, allergies, exposure of children to drugs, mercury, dental fillings, infection, certain foods, or heavy metals. (Source, Source)
  5. Mothers not being affectionate with their children. (Bettelheim B. The Empty Fortress: Infantile Autism and the Birth of the Self. Free Press; 1967.)

.

What causes birth rates to go down in developing countries?

Nobody knows every detail, and the research out there is limited on what has caused fertility rates to go down in developing countries. There are some educated guesses though.

1. As incomes have risen over time, birth rates have been declining. Child labor has gone down as well.

GDPDeveloping

Historic_world_GDP_per_capita

FertilityRatesWorld

ChildLabor

Why is this?

One possibility is what we saw in the industrial revolution in Western countries. As incomes rose, more and more children weren’t needed to work in sweatshops, and instead, families had the luxury to send their children to school instead. Not only did that keep children out of the workforce, but it allowed their children to have increased incomes for their own future because of their newly acquired education.

SchoolCompletion

2. People who live in urban areas tend to have lower birth rates than those in rural areas. Another reason is that populations in rural areas need their children to work in order to survive, and more children provides more income or labor.

UrbanFertility

3. Increased education rates are correlated with lower birth rates. I think this is correlated because not only are women busy getting and education instead of getting married and having babies, but with their higher education, it increases the likelihood of increased income, because their education provides better paying jobs.

I keep seeing again and again that poverty is related to so many different factors. It seems like if we eliminate poverty, we eliminate a lot of social problems as well.

Enrollment

EducationBirthRates

4. In areas with lower infant mortality rates, we see lower fertility rates. This is because mothers don’t need to have more children to get their desired number of children, because the children were dying as infants.

ChildMortality

5. Religion. In majority Muslim countries, there tend to be lower birth rates.

MuslimFertility

6. Average age of marriage influences birth rates around the world.

MarriageAgeFertility

7. Contraceptive use around the world is one possible factor but I couldn’t find sound research showing more contraceptive use over time. So we cannot assume this. Also, here’s a look at what methods people are using around the world, as well as, why people choose to not use contraceptives.

ContraceptiveWorldUse

ContraceptiveUse

NoUseReasons

Is the world population growing and are we doomed?

Here’s the graph we’re used to seeing:

WorldPopLogJESUS CHRIST WE’RE ALL DOOMED! THE WORLD’S RESOURCES CAN’T SUPPORT THAT MANY PEOPLE!

This one shows our historical population since 1750 and future projected population

WorldPopulationGrowth

Wait a minute. 

This graph shows a DECLINE in population growth AND a decreased projection of population growth.

What even is this.

And here’s another one:

WorldGrowthDecline

Again with the population decline data and projected population decline.

What.

Well, here comes the problem with data.

You might remember a post I made a while back, extolling the virtues of graphs zoomed way out to show as much historical data as possible, to get the big picture.

Well, in this instance, we seem to have zoomed out a little too far and missed the trees from the forest!

Here’s the first graph again:

WorldPopLog

It’s zoomed so far out, we can’t tell if the population is declining even a small amount after a while.

Notice the second and third graphs though, and they’re zoomed quite a bit in, and we can see that in fact, global populations are declining, and are even predicted by our very own UN to keep declining. It seems we reached peak population growth around 1963.

WorldPopulationGrowth

WorldGrowthDecline

UN world population 1950

1950

UN world population present

Present

UN world population projection 2100

2100

Now, let’s not say there are enough resources to go around even with the population decline. I’ll look that up in another post. But we can breathe a small sigh of relief that overpopulation doesn’t seem to be the doom and gloom catastrophe we’ve been brainwashed into believing.

Lastly, I want to leave you with cool facts I found:

  1. There are an estimate 100 billion humans who have ever lived. Right now we have 7 billion. Right now we are experiencing 7% of the world’s population that has ever lived.
  2. Asia accounts for 60% of the world population. Oceania is the smallest with 0.5%. (Source)
  3. There was once a bottleneck of human populations possibly down to 1,000-10,000 people, at around 70,000 BC, due to a volcanic winter that killed off massive amounts of plants. We could have gone extinct! Also, what that means is human genetic differences are not millions of years old, but only 70,000 years old. Crazy!
  4. Genetic analysis has lead to evidence than there was another population bottleneck 1.2 million years ago when the population dwindled down to 26,000. This has lead some researchers to believe humans have experienced several population bottlenecks over human history.
  5. When Europeans made contact with indigenous people in the Americas, 90% of their populations were killed by European endemics such as influenza, smallpox, and measles. This is because Europeans developed an immunity to these diseases that the first nations did not have.
  6. 75% of children didn’t make it to 5 years old who were born in London, in 1730. In 1810, it dropped to 33%.
  7. 40% of those who have ever lived did not survive beyond their first birthday.
  8. “life expectancy at birth probably averaged only about ten years for most of human history” (Source)

Biggest pollutants in the world

One thing I wonder, that I might be dead before I ever learn, is if the disappearance of oil will reduce or undo what damage we have already done to the world environmentally.

Biggest pollutants in the world

  1. Pesticides
  2. Lead-acid car batteries
  3. Industry and vehicles
  4. Open sewers
  5. Industrial waste (mining, lead, copper, zinc)
  6. Chromium (for stainless steel and tanning hides)
  7. Groundwater (from pesticides and mining waste)
  8. Mercury

(Source)

Unfortunately, most of these pollutants are found in poverty-stricken developing countries.

How well do environmental regulations work in improving the environment?

Since the 1970’s, more and more regulations and been places on air quality. This has resulted in a 2.6% declines in pollution levels, also known as total factor productivity levels.

The regulations on ozone depletion, while having “large negative effects on productivity,” thought sulfur dioxide emitters have reduced in number.

Carbon monoxide regulations have increased pollution, especially among refineries.

The total decline in pollution due to these regulations is estimated at 4.8%, and has reduced plant profits by about 8.8%.

While it doesn’t seem very effective, is it better to place the environmental regulations on businesses, even if it reduces the pollution by so little?

I think so. Even the small reduction in environmental pollution and the large loss in profits, I think it is the moral and ethical decision that should transcend cost, in this instance.

 

The peer reviewed journal Science just came out with a study showing exactly how we can eliminate poverty

OR How to eliminate poverty without forced taxation (which hasn’t eliminated it anyway).

Here’s a cool fact: we now have evidence for the best way to reduce poverty in the world.

The journal Science has done a rigorous meta-analysis of different types of charities and concluded that the scientific evidence is statistically significant and we can eliminate poverty without forced taxation. Here is the pdf without the whole needing to login thing: (Source) Also, here’s a simpler article explaining the study in case you’re not interested in the jargon: (Source)

Cash, livestock, and training.

That’s it. 3 things.

Now let’s delve into what the heck that means.

1. Cash

People in 6 different countries were each given a cash grant of $150. That’s it, $150. 2 years later, households doing the program now had a total of $202, or the equivalent in purchasing power of $500.

How did they do that?

2. Livestock

The subjects were given a choice between sheep, goats, chicken, cattle, etc. A market analyst would sometimes help them make the decision as to which livestock to choose. Which leads me to the training part.

3. Training

The training provided about livestock included: how to manage a business with their livestock, including feeding, how to rear them, vaccines, and treatment of diseases.

Training also included: health education in nutrition, hygiene, clean water, psychosocial counseling, prenatal health, HIV prevention and medicine; traditional and financial education such as investment and savings; emotional support; and staff supervision for running their business.

What doesn’t work

The study found that microloans don’t increase quality of life or incomes significantly, because the people getting the loans cannot afford to pay them back. Especially at the very high interest rates, microcredit lending charities have to charge to stay open. These programs usually take 18 years to break even. (Source)

Just donated livestock alone was not enough to lift people out of poverty alone.

Just cash while a short term solution, it did not help long term.

Services alone was not efficient enough as well.

Cost-benefit analysis

Most charities do not pass the cost-benefit analysis test. Most charities are costly to run and require high amounts of fundraising money to operate. Very often, it costs more to operate than the benefit the charity gives to others.

What am I supposed to do? How could someone like me help with extreme poverty in the world?

I did an exhaustive search of the best charities that do the cash, livestock, and training programs. The best rated one I found that had the best benefits was easily FXB International.

And here is why I like them so much:

  1. They only help the poorest of poor families in the world.
  2. Their model was developed with input by Harvard University experts.
  3. Their program is based on eliminating the five drivers of poverty: nutrition, health, education, housing, and income.
  4. They’ve already lifted 83,500 people out of poverty; the size of small city.
  5. They have a proven track record that 86% of the people they help STAY out of poverty 4 years later.
  6. They’ve been around for 27 years.
  7. They have great transparency for where their money goes.
  8. Only 12% of the money goes to overhead. That means for every $1 you donate, .88 cents goes to the actual person you’re helping.
  9. It only costs $140 per year to help lift one person out of poverty, for a 3 year program.

So, if you have $140 lying around that you weren’t going to spend in a better place. Here is their donation page: https://fxb.org/donate/

Maximum political, social and economic freedom

It is my opinion that the maximum freedom economically, politically, and socially, given to all people, regardless of who they are, helps the maximum number of people, out of every system I’ve ever researched, and has the most scientific evidence to back it up.

Quality of life is not higher in countries with more social and economic controls on its people. In fact, the opposite is true.

The Human Development Index is the best quality of life measurement we have. It takes into account life expectancy, education, and income standard of living, among many other factors.

Here are the top 5 highest quality of life countries in the world:

  1. Norway 2. Australia 3. Switzerland 4. Denmark 5. Netherlands

(The U.S. is #8, in case you were curious)

Here are the bottom 5 lowest quality of life countries in the world:

  1. Niger 2. Central African Republic 3. Eritrea 4. Chad 5. Burundi

Then there’s an index of countries based on political and civil freedom such as, freedom of speech, religious, individual economic choice, association, assembly, freedom from violence and crimes, movement, LGBT rights, women’s rights, as well as, human trafficking, sexual violence, female genital mutilation, homicide, freedom of movement, and adoption by homosexuals. (Source)

By lowest 5 on the above quality of life scale, on a scale of 1-7, 1 being best, 7 being worst:

1. Niger: freedom rating: 3.5 civil liberties: 4 political rights: 3

2. Central African Republic: freedom rating: 7 civil liberties: 7 political rights: 7

3. Eritrea: freedom rating: 7 civil liberties: 7 political rights: 7

4. Chad: freedom rating: 6.5 civil liberties: 6 political rights: 7

5. Burundi: freedom rating: 5.5 civil liberties: 5 political rights: 6

Now let’s look at our top quality of life countries and compare their freedom ratings from the same index we just used.

  1. Norway: freedom rating: 1 civil liberties: 1 political rights: 1
  2. Australia: freedom rating: 1 civil liberties: 1 political rights: 1
  3. Switzerland: freedom rating: 1 civil liberties: 1 political rights: 1
  4. Denmark: freedom rating: 1 civil liberties: 1 political rights: 1
  5. Netherlands: freedom rating: 1 civil liberties: 1 political rights: 1

And here’s the U.S. in comparison:

United States: freedom rating: 1 civil liberties: 1 political rights: 1

The more freedom people have, the higher the quality of life.

What about economic freedom? Do people with more economic freedom have a higher quality of life?

Let’s do this thing again with an economic freedom index.

Here is the index’s definition of economic freedom: Freedom to: “work, produce, consume, invest in any way they please. Government allows: labor, capital, and good to move freely, refrains from coercion or constraint of liberty beyond the extent necessary to protect and maintain liberty itself.” (Source)

Let’s start with the highest quality of life countries (scale is from 1-100, 1 being the least free, 100 being the most free economically):

  1. Norway: 70.8
  2. Australia: 80.3 (5th highest in the world)
  3. Switzerland: 81.0 (4th highest in the world)
  4. Denmark: 75.3
  5. Netherlands: 74.6

And here’s the U.S. for fun:

United States: 75.4 (#11 on most economically free)

Now let’s see the countries with the lowest quality of life:

  1. Niger: 54.6 (#129 out of 178 countries)
  2. Central African Republic: 45.2 (#168)
  3. Eritrea: 42.7 (#173)
  4. Chad: 46.3 (#164)
  5. Burundi: 53.9 (#133)

The most economically free country was Hong Kong, the least economically free was North Korea.

(Source)

So there we have it. The most socially, politically, and economically free countries have the highest quality of life, and the least socially, politically, and economically free countries have the lowest quality of life. That is a big reason I believe allowing the maximum amount of freedom, given to the people, increases quality of life.

What would happen if we raised the minimum wage to $100/hour?

What if we raised the minimum wage to $25/hour? Why not $100/hr? What would happen then?

Let’s use an example of a business owner who runs a diner.

1. It would become cheaper to have the owner wash the dishes rather than hire a dishwasher. (Unemployment rises)

2. To compensate the current employees, the owner would have to raise the price of his meals. (Inflation rises)

3. Customers would stop going to the restaurant because the prices are too high. Especially those who aren’t receiving the minimum wage (unemployed, students, retired people). (Purchasing power declines)

4. It becomes cheaper to buy machines to handle the labor than human beings, and the owner begins letting people go, and replacing them with machine labor. (Human labor declines)

5. Foreign products start to look more attractive to consumers. If you can get a similar product, say frozen pie instead of fresh pie, for $5, instead of fresh pie for $50, you’ll probably buy the foreign frozen pie that is cheaper because it does not have the $100 minimum wage. (Trade deficit, imports increase)

6. Maybe the owner decides to start hiring illegal immigrants, not document workers and instead pay them in cash, or not report income to the IRS at tax time. (Increase in black market economy)

7. The owner cannot afford to pay his best workers more than his lowest workers any longer and they end up making similar wages, if not the same. This leads to a loss of the higher productivity workers as they try to find higher paying work or they begin to slack off at work because they are getting paid the same regardless of how hard they work. (Brain drain increases, low morale)

 

 

 

The minimum wage doesn’t do shit to reduce inequality and lift people out of poverty.

Paying people a minimum wage causes prices to rise, as employers have to pay their employees more. Not every business person, in fact only .3% of them, could afford to not raise their prices, and take a profit cut, when the minimum wage is raised. 99.7% of businesses in the U.S. are small, employing 500 people or less. That’s why prices go up. They have to. Not because they’re greedy, evil capitalists.

The minimum wage also increases unemployment. Many employers have to lay people off because they don’t make enough to pay them the higher wage. Also, they are less likely to hire because they can’t afford to hire new people at the higher wage.

UnemploymentMinimumWage

(Source)

That’s because of labor supply and demand

LaborSupplyDemand

Raising the minimum wage is just to make politicians look good. Inflation has eaten away at the lowest wages over time the most anyway due to government policies inflating the currency. So it pretty much grows so slowly, the economy has already grown enough that employers are already paying minimum wage or higher.

MinWageAdjustedInflation

(Source)

If raising the minimum wage actually worked, why do they have to keep raising it all the time? It’s because prices begin to match the minimum wage, and inflation devalues the wage.